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墨西哥暴力受害者纪念碑

景观 / 居住环境 2021-9-15 05:25

墨西哥暴力受害者纪念碑
Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

盖塔·斯普林格尔建筑师事务所:场地位于墨西哥城最重要的公园查普特佩克。这部分森林属于联邦政府,几十年来一直由国防部保管,因此,首先,纪念项目意味着恢复15000平方米的公共空间。在这个项目中,我们为当代墨西哥社会最重要的问题之一:暴力提供了物质形式。针对这一点,我们提出了一个开放项目,向城市开放,并向其公民开放:一个对城市和人民完全开放的空间。
Gaeta Springall Architects: The site is in Chapultepec, the most important park of Mexico City. This part of the forest belongs to the Federal Government and was under the custody of the Secretariat of National Defense for many decades, so, first of all, the memorial project means the recuperation of 15,000 square meters of public space. In this project, we give material form to one of the most important issues of contemporary Mexican society: violence. In response to this, we propose an open project, open to the city and open to appropriation by its citizens: a space that exists in a state of complete openness to the city and the people.

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Sandra Pereznieto

Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico

© Gaeta Springall Architects

这样,该项目就起到了公共空间和纪念馆的双重作用。暴力有两个方面:虚空和建筑。一方面,项目中提出的空隙是在钢墙和树木之间创建的空间。空虚唤起了受害者的不在场和缺席。另一方面,生锈或镜像的钢墙表面表明,我们可以被控制或失去,我们可以增加或增加自己。因此,如果我们将暴力视为破坏,那么修建这七十堵墙就是暴力的解毒剂。墙壁出现在树木之间,在自然和建筑之间展开对话:树木森林和墙壁森林。
In this manner, the project plays the double role of public space and memorial. Violence is suggested in two dimensions: the void and the built. On one hand, the void proposed in the project is the space created between the steel walls and the trees. The void evokes the non-presence and the absence of the victims. On the other hand, the surfaces of the steel walls, rusty or mirroring, show that we can be contained or lost, and that we can add or multiply ourselves. Thus, if we see violence as destruction, building these seventy walls acts as an antidote to violence. The walls appear among the trees, setting off a dialogue between nature and architecture: forest of trees and forest of walls.

在纪念馆的主要空间——中央空间,有一个1200平方米的反射池,形状未定,几何形状开放。它和项目的其他部分一样是开放的和不确定的:一个融合了材料的未完成形式。正是在这里,墙壁闪耀着它们所有的光彩,引人注目,在水池中反射出各种形状,将人们的目光吸引到天空和水上,这是自然和无限的元素。它们变成镜子或画布。在这些作品中,游客不仅能看到自己的倒影,还能看到森林,还能书写、绘画和表达自己的感受。
In the central space, which is the main space of the memorial, there is a 1,200-square-meter reflective pool with an undetermined form and open geometry. It is open and undetermined like the rest of the project: an unfinished form that fuses materials. It is here that the walls shine in all their glory, arresting and dramatic, reflected shapes in the pools, drawing the eye to the skies and the water, elements that are natural and infinite. They become mirrors or canvasses. In them, visitors will see their reflection as well as the forests and will also be able to write, draw and express their feelings.

Project name: Memorial to Victims of Violence in Mexico
Completion date: April, 2013
Location: Mexico City (Mexico)
Designer: Gaeta Springall Architects (Julio Gaeta / Luby Springall)
Photographer: Sandra Pereznieto
Area: 15,000 m2

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墨西哥暴力受害者纪念碑