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加拿大消防员纪念馆

景观 / 居住环境 2021-11-10 20:01

加拿大消防员纪念馆
Canadian Firefighters Memorial

工厂建筑师:加拿大消防员纪念馆于9月9日在渥太华正式开放。这座城市规划纪念建筑群位于1900年首都毁灭性火灾现场,由PLANT Architect Inc.和加拿大视觉艺术家兼小说家道格拉斯·库普兰共同设计。该队赢得了2010加拿大全国消防队基金会(CFFF)和国家资本委员会(NCC)主办的全国比赛。
PLANT Architect: The Canadian Firefighters Memorial officially opened on September 9, in Ottawa. Located at the site of the capital’s devastating fire of 1900, this urban-planning memorial ensemble was collaboratively designed by PLANT Architect Inc. and Canadian visual artist and novelist Douglas Coupland. The team won the national competition hosted by the Canadian Fallen Firefighters Foundation (CFFF) and the National Capital Commission (NCC) in 2010.

Canadian Firefighters Memorial

© Plant

Canadian Firefighters Memorial

© Plant

Canadian Firefighters Memorial

© Plant

Canadian Firefighters Memorial

© Plant

Canadian Firefighters Memorial

© Plant

Canadian Firefighters Memorial

© Plant

Canadian Firefighters Memorial

© Plant

Canadian Firefighters Memorial

© Plant

Canadian Firefighters Memorial

© Plant

Canadian Firefighters Memorial

© Plant

Canadian Firefighters Memorial

© Plant

Canadian Firefighters Memorial

© Plant

A symbolic landmark of our nation’s capital region, the memorial park honours the fire service of fallen Canadians, creates an intimate space for personal reflection, and provides a home for the CFFF’s Annual Memorial Ceremony each fall on Ottawa’s LeBreton Flats.

作为融入加拿大景观的“人物”的象征,加拿大消防队员纪念馆体现了我们国家遗产的关键方面,塑造、提升并激发了仪式表演的体验。为了实现仪式和游行的目的,并引导游客穿过空间,引入了一系列建筑、雕塑和景观干预措施:中心仪式区域由场地的两个相对地形定义和框架,引导游客沿着名称墙到达奉献松树的底部。
As a mis-en-scéne of “characters” integrated into the Canadian landscape, the Canadian Firefighters Memorial embodies key aspects of our nation’s heritage, and shapes, enhances, and inspires experiences of ritual performance. Both to fulfil the purposes of ceremony and procession, and to navigate visitors through the space, a series of architectural, sculptural, and landscape interventions were introduced: the central ceremony area is defined and framed by the site’s two opposing landforms, leading visitors along the Name Wall to the base of the Dedication Pine Tree.

该项目的标志性设计包括2 1/2倍于真人大小的青铜消防员雕像、60英尺高的壁炉、奉献松树、倾斜的小树林和石墙。这片树林以糖枫树为特色,种植在季节性变化的灌木和多年生植物之间,在秋天的几个月里,这些灌木和多年生植物充满了红色的活力,形成了厚厚的红叶地毯。花岗岩名墙是对加拿大地图的抽象诠释,其表面雕刻着阵亡消防员的名字。在每年秋天的纪念仪式上,新刻下的死者名字都用黑丝带裹着,并在仪式上揭幕。在这个更大的仪式空间中,有一系列更小、更亲密的区域,旨在培养内省和支持个人记忆。静坐角落和倒影花园是暂停的空间,允许游客向逝去的朋友、家人和同事致敬。
The project’s iconic design features a 2 1⁄2 times life-size bronze Firefighter statue, 60 foot-high Firepole, a Dedication Pine Tree, Sloped Grove, and stone Name Wall. The Grove features sugar maple trees set amongst dense plantings of seasonally changing shrubs and perennials that achieve full red vibrancy during the fall months, creating a thick red carpet of foliage. The granite Name Wall stands as an abstract interpretation of the Canadian map and provinces—its surface carved with the names of fallen firefighters. During the Memorial Ceremony each autumn, the newly engraved names of the recently fallen are shroud in black ribbon and unveiled during the ceremony. Within this larger ritual space lies a series of smaller, more intimate areas designed to foster introspection and support personal remembrance. The Sitting Nook and Reflection Garden are spaces of pause, allowing visitors to pay tribute to their fallen friends, family, and colleagues.

加拿大消防队员纪念馆深深植根于加拿大的政治和自然景观,通过其对加拿大国家遗产的图像、设计和视觉表现,探索了公开构建“家园”和“国家”叙事的方式。这个新纪念公园的设计还考虑了在仪式表演中使用隐喻,促使游客发现思考和亲身处理记忆、失落和记忆体验的新方式。
Deeply rooted in Canada’s political and physical landscape, the Canadian Firefighters Memorial explores the ways in which narratives of “home” and “nation” are constructed publicly—specifically through its iconography, design, and visual representation of Canada’s national heritage. The design of this new memorial park also considers the use of metaphor in ritual performance, prompting visitors to discover new ways of thinking about, and personally processing, experiences of memory, loss, and remembrance.

摄影师:史蒂文·埃文斯|琳达·马塔|©工厂建筑公司。
Architects / Designers: PLANT Architect Inc. in collaboration with Douglas Coupland
Location: Ottawa, Canada
Client: Canadian Fallen Firefighters Foundation (CFFF) in collaboration
with National Capital Commission (NCC)
Project manager: Mary Tremain, Partner, PLANT Architect Inc., GB Associates
Design team: PLANT Architect Inc. — Mary Tremain, Lisa Rapoport, Chris
Pommer (Partners; Architects) | Vanessa Eickhoff (Associate; Landscape Architect; OALA) | Suzanne Ernst | Jeremy McGregor
Collaborators: Douglas Coupland (Artist)
Engineers: Blackwell Bowick Partnership Ltd. (Structural Engineering)
Novatech Engineering Consultants Ltd. (Civil Engineering)
Goodkey Weedmark and Associates Ltd. (Electrical Engineering)
A.W. Hooker Associates Ltd. (Quantity Surveyor)
Contractor: Prestige Design & Construction Ltd.
Lighting design: Suzanne Powadiuk Design Inc.
Surface: 3,000 m2
Project end date: September 2012
Photographer: Steven Evans | Linda Matta | © PLANT Architect Inc.

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加拿大消防员纪念馆