美国坎伯兰公园景观

景观 / 居住环境 2021-11-1 23:34

美国坎伯兰公园景观
Cumberland Park

Hargreaves Associates:Cumberland Park通过棕地修复、漫滩保护、雨水收集、生物多样性改善以及文化和自然资源解读,展示了纳什维尔对其儿童和可持续性的承诺。这是一个展示其独特场地品质的公园,吸引家庭参与富有想象力的游戏、活动,并与纳什维尔丰富的河岸历史进行互动。坎伯兰公园和附近重建的桥梁建筑是总体规划的第一个建设阶段,优先考虑将居民和游客吸引回河流和市中心。
Hargreaves Associates: Cumberland Park demonstrates Nashville’s commitment to both its children and to sustainability through brownfield remediation, floodplain preservation, stormwater harvesting, improved biodiversity, and interpretation of cultural and natural resources. It is a park that showcases its distinctive site qualities to attract families for imaginative play, events, and interaction with Nashville’s rich riverfront history. Cumberland Park and the neighboring redeveloped Bridge Building are the first constructed phases of a master plan prioritized to draw residents and visitors back to the river and downtown.

Cumberland Park

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占地6.5英亩的坎伯兰公园位于谢尔比街步行桥下方的坎伯兰河东岸,将数十年的工商业用地改造成一个新的以家庭为中心的冒险游乐场。受田纳西州多样地质的启发,景观提供了娱乐所需的所有要素,水、光、石头、起伏的草地、树木、山脊和山谷集中在城市公共景观中,通过娱乐和教育性游戏激发儿童的想象力。创新性地使用传统和定制的游戏设备,为所有年龄和能力的用户、居民和游客创造了令人兴奋的游戏场景。在一个鼓励自由和有组织的游戏、探索、学习、冒险和环保意识的公园里,没有两种体验是相同的。
Located on the Cumberland River’s east bank below the Shelby Street pedestrian bridge, 6.5 acre Cumberland Park transforms decades of industrial and commercial land into a new family-focused adventure playground. Inspired by the diverse geology of Tennessee, the landscape provides all the ingredients needed for fun with water, light, stone, rolling grass, trees, ridges, and valleys concentrated into an urban public landscape that engages children’s imaginations through fun and educational play. Innovative use of conventional and custom play equipment creates a play-scape that is exciting for users of all ages and abilities, residents and visitors alike. No two experiences will be the same in a park that encourages free and organized play, exploration, learning, risk taking, and environmental awareness.

最初由纳什维尔桥梁公司(NABRICO)开发,作为一系列系泊系统、起重机、卡瓦、办公室和仓库,最近用作沥青停车场,覆盖LP体育场施工期间产生的污染土壤和碎片。公园建设期间产生的切割材料被封装在公园的主要地形中,以降低场外处置成本,同时为平坦的场地引入新的地形和外观。许多现有的高等级工业结构被保留下来,并作为解释元素进行修复,以保护独特的文化和历史特征。让公园使用者能够接触到这些元素是网站设计的一个组成部分,鼓励年轻一代探索和欣赏过去的滨河用途。
Originally developed by the Nashville Bridge Company (NABRICO) as a series of moorings, cranes, slips, offices, and warehouses, the site most recently served as an asphalt parking lot capping contaminated soil and debris generated during construction of LP Stadium. Cut materials generated during park construction were encapsulated in the park’s main landforms to reduce off-site disposal costs while introducing new topography and aspect to an otherwise flat site. Many of the existing above-grade industrial structures were retained and restored as interpretive elements, protecting unique cultural and historic features. Making these elements accessible to park users was integral to the site design, encouraging younger generations to explore and appreciate past riverfront uses.

这些项目将一个废弃的场地和建筑改造成一个充满活力和地理多样性的绿色空间。考虑到场地与河流的关系以及2010年纳什维尔地区洪水的影响,设计团队与美国陆军工程兵团合作,确保公园的实施将在不增加洪水高程或减少洪水蓄水量的情况下保护漫滩功能。该公园还恢复了原生河岸缓冲区,减少了60%的无遮蔽路面,100%增加了原生植物的生物多样性,利用区域材料和制造商刺激当地经济,并每年捕获约1000000加仑的雨水用于灌溉。
The projects transform a derelict site and structure into a vibrant and geodiverse green space. Sensitive to the site’s relationship to the river and the impact of the 2010 floods that ravaged the Nashville area, the design team worked with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to ensure implementation of the park would preserve floodplain function without increasing flood elevations or decreasing flood storage. The park also restores native riparian buffer, reduces un-shaded pavement by 60%, increases native plant biodiversity 100%, utilizes regional materials and manufacturers to stimulate local economy, and captures an estimated 1,000,000 gallons of storm water annually to be reused as irrigation.

坎伯兰公园有两个主要的游戏密集区和其他几个自由游戏的机会。这个山谷是孩子们独一无二的冒险游戏体验,包括用埋在地下的化石玩沙滩游戏,一个由半成熟树木遮蔽的起伏的合成天然草搓板,中间点缀着弹跳垫和旋转垫、跷跷板、皮带桥和活植物的绿色迷宫。穿孔的不锈钢云桥穿过山谷,最终形成雨幕,雨幕落在一个带有喷流和涉水池的互动式防溅垫上。峡谷进一步挑战了孩子们的技能,包括用当地田纳西州螃蟹园砂岩覆盖的攀岩墙、绳索和网课程、滑动杆和绳索,以及用凉爽触感材料制成的4人宽的路堤滑梯。邻近的桥梁建筑,加上驳船式电梯核心,包括公园办公室、洗手间、全方位服务的特许展台,以及当地企业和组织、餐厅和活动空间。
Cumberland Park features two main play-intensive areas and several other opportunities for free play. The Hollow is a one-of-a-kind adventure play experience for children and includes accessible sand play with buried fossils, an undulating synthetic and natural grass washboard shaded by semi-mature trees and interspersed with bouncing and spinning pads, see saw, belt bridge, and a green maze of live plants. The perforated stainless steel Cloud Bridge crosses the Hollow and culminates in curtains of rain falling onto an interactive splash pad with jets and a wading pool. The Gorge further challenges children’s skills featuring a stone climbing wall clad in local Tennessee Crab Orchard sandstone, ropes and nets course, sliding poles and ropes, and a 4-person wide embankment slide made with cool to the touch materials. The adjacent Bridge Building with barge-inspired elevator core addition houses a park office, restrooms, a full service concession stand, as well as local businesses and organizations, restaurants, and event space.

坎伯兰公园是社区在2010年批准的新滨河复兴计划的旗舰,该计划的投入要求滨河提供更多的娱乐机会、改善的可达性和新的表演空间,这是城市经济和文化的重要组成部分。坎伯兰公园和桥梁建设被确定为“准备就绪”项目,将激发社区对河岸的兴趣,这是为振兴计划的未来阶段筹集和支持额外资金的关键。坎伯兰公园于2012年4月隆重开幕,数百户家庭来到纳什维尔市中心。自开园以来,公园举办了市长每年一次的《大都会之州》(State of Metro)演讲、每年7月4日的庆祝活动,并在整个秋季举办了每周一次的“坎伯兰爵士乐”(Jazz on the Cumberland)系列音乐会。大桥大楼举办了20多项重大活动,如婚礼招待会和公司活动,90%的租赁给当地企业和组织,包括坎伯兰河契约(Cumberland River Compact),该组织致力于改善坎伯兰河的水质。这两个项目一起提高了LP球场的比赛日体验,在体育场附近提供了适合家庭的选择和资源。
Cumberland Park is the flagship for the New Riverfront Revitalization Plan endorsed by the community in 2010, whose input called for the riverfront to provide more recreational opportunities, improved accessibility, and new performance spaces, an essential part of the city’s economy and culture. Cumberland Park and the Bridge Building were identified as ‘shovel-ready’ projects that would invigorate community interest in the riverfront, key to generating and supporting additional funding for future phases of the revitalization plan. The grand opening of Cumberland Park in April 2012 brought hundreds of families to downtown Nashville. Since its opening, the park has hosted the Mayor’s annual State of Metro Address, the city’s annual Fourth of July celebration, and throughout the autumn months, a weekly ‘Jazz on the Cumberland’ concert series. The Bridge Building has hosted over 20 major events such as weddings receptions and corporate functions, and is 90% leased to local businesses and organizations, including the Cumberland River Compact, a group dedicated to enhancing water quality in the Cumberland River. Together the two projects have enhanced the game-day experience at LP Field, providing family-friendly options and resources in close proximity to the stadium.

市长卡尔·迪恩(Karl Dean)的重点工作是通过促进健康、多样性和可持续性的举措,改善城市生活质量,这进一步支持了将河岸重新开发为活跃和充满活力的公共空间。市长办公室认识到开放空间对健康和健康的好处,因此优先考虑公园和建筑的资金和建设。坎伯兰公园通过促进社区参与和;公平的场地使用和使用,通过游戏促进可持续性意识和教育,为健康的户外体育活动提供机会,并为公园特许经营权提供健康的食物选择。该公园是更大城市鼓励非机动交通和公共交通使用的一个组成部分,为自行车网络和绿道引入了一个新的车道。
Redevelopment of the riverfront into active and vibrant public spaces is further supported by Mayor Karl Dean’s focus work to improve quality of life in the city through initiatives that promote health, diversity, and sustainability. Recognizing the proven health and wellness benefits of open space, the Mayor’s office prioritized funding and construction of the park and building. Cumberland Park addresses these social challenges by promoting strong community participation & equitable site use and access, promoting sustainability awareness and education through play, providing opportunities for healthy outdoor physical activity, and providing healthy food options for park concessions. The park is an integral part of the larger city effort to encourage non-motorized transportation and use of public transit, introducing a new trail head for cycle networks and greenways.

PARK STATS & GREEN FEATURES

•950万美元的施工成本
• 6.5 acres of park
• 900 feet of riverfront
• 700 feet of esplanade
• 1,200 people for an event
• 1,000,000 gallons of storm water captured and reused for irrigation in a typical year
• 200 tons of Tennessee Crab Orchard Sandstone
• 180 trees and 1650 shrubs planted
• 1.6 acres of meadow and riparian grasses restored.
• Undercover hardstand for temporary basketball courts, skate park or ice rink
• $9.5M construction cost

Protects Floodplain
• Preserves floodplain function without increasing flood elevations or decreasing flood storage.

Remediated Brownfield Site
• Remediated former industrial land for intend use.

Encourages non-motorized transportation and use of public transit
• New trail head for cycle network and greenways,
• Train station and bus stops within 0.25 mile,
• Parking shared – no additional parking provided.

Reduced Heat Island Effects
• Un-shaded pavement reduced by 60%.

Reduced Light Pollution
• No new light trespass, reduced glare,
• No lighting on riverbank habitat.

•在一个典型年份,1000000加仑雨水被收集并重新用于灌溉。
Conserves Water & Restores Water Cycle
• Restored riparian buffer,
• Managed and harvested storm water on site,
• Decreased and treated storm water run-off before entering the river,
• 100% reduction in potable water use for irrigation,
• 1,000,000 gallons of storm water captured and reused for irrigation in a typical year.

Restored Habitat & Biodiversity
• Increased plant biodiversity by 100%,
• Used appropriate non-invasive plants,
• 80% of all plants are native.

Conserved Materials
• Retained and reused on-site structures,
• Protected and maintained unique cultural and historic features,
• Used regional stone and Forest Stewardship Council certified wood.

•为公园特许经营权提供健康食品选择。
Promoted Health and Well-being
• Promoted strong community participation,
• Promoted equitable site use and access,
• Promoted sustainability awareness and education through play,
• Provided opportunities for healthy outdoor physical activity including play,
• Provided healthy food options for park concessions.

地点:美国田纳西州纳什维尔
Prime Design Consultant: Hargreaves Associates
Architecture: EOA Architects
Civil Engineering: Barge Cauthen & Associates
Structural Engineering: EMC Structural Engineers
Water Feature Design: Commercial Aquatic Engineering
Planting & Irrigation: Hawkins Partners, Inc.
Lighting Design: LAM Partners
Electrical Engineering: Power Management Corporation
Geotechnical Engineering: TTL, Inc.
Environmental Engineering: Civil & Environmental Consultants, Inc.
Surveying: Thornton & Associates, Inc.
Graphic Design: Blue Tractor Digital Design Co.
General Contractor: Hardaway Construction Corp.
Bridge Building Architect: Hastings Architecture Associates
Location: Nashville, Tennessee, USA

Developer: Metropolitan Development and Housing Agency
Program Manager: American Constructors Inc.
Operator: MetroParks

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美国坎伯兰公园景观