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纪念桥

景观 / 居住环境 2021-11-23 19:56

纪念桥
The Memorial Bridge

3LHD:纪念桥是一种空间干预和城市公共物体,一种具有触觉特性和象征性物体的建筑。这是一座体现实用功能的人行天桥,是对克罗地亚独立战争退伍军人的纪念,是一个纪念和虔诚的地方,也是一个社会聚会和社交场所。它位于里耶卡市中心,位于将历史城市中心与前港口分隔开的航道上,是未来建设最具潜力的地点之一(目前被一个停车场占用,未来将成为一个公园)。该桥设计为一个极薄的板(65厘米),以典型的L形连接海峡两岸,它横跨海峡,并以巨大的垂直口音结束。
3LHD: The Memorial Bridge is a spatial intervention and an urban public object, a construction with tactile properties and a symbolic object. It is a pedestrian bridge that embodies the utilitarian function and a memory of the Croatian war of Independence veterans, a place of memory and piety, but also a social gathering and socializing spot. It is located in the center of Rijeka, on the channel which separates the historic city center from the former port, at one of the most potent sites for future construction (it is currently occupied by a parking lot, in the future it will become a park). The bridge is designed as an extremely thin plate (65cm) connecting the two banks of the channel in a characteristic L-shape, it extends across the channel and ends with a monumental vertical accent.

The Memorial Bridge

© Aljosa Brajdić

The Memorial Bridge

© Aljosa Brajdić

The Memorial Bridge

© Aljosa Brajdić

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

The Memorial Bridge

© Aljosa Brajdić

The Memorial Bridge

© Aljosa Brajdić

The Memorial Bridge

© Damir Fabijanić

The Memorial Bridge

© Damir Fabijanić

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

The Memorial Bridge

© 3LHD

公共空间的定义只能通过桥梁本身的结构来实现,同时必须将其视为纪念对象。经过四年的研究,专门为该项目设计和制造了该建筑。桥梁的每个部分都是工业设计和制造的产品,在现场组装。这座150吨重的钢桥结构是在当地一家造船厂生产的,由一艘专门设计的驳船通过海上整体运输到该地点。由于纪念桥在前往现场的途中必须穿过两座既有桥梁下方,因此驳船的设计应使其能够在最低水位时下沉,并在现有桥梁下方承载重物。这种城市-公共混合体改变了城市的面貌(在物质和精神上),并实现了作为纪念桥的目标。
The definition of the public space was achieved only through the structure of the bridge itself, which at the same time must be recognized as a memorial object. A four year long research resulted in the construction specially designed and manufactured exclusively for this project. Each part of the bridge was an industrially designed and manufactured product that was assembled on site. The 150 tons heavy steel bridge structure was produced in a local shipyard, and carried by sea in one piece on a specially designed barge to the location. As the Memorial Bridge had to pass under two existing bridges on its way to the site, the barge was designed so that it can sink at the time of lowest water levels and go under the existing bridges with its burden. This urban public hybrid has changed the vista of the city (in the material as well as mental sense) and has achieved its goal of being a Memorial Bridge.

合作者:B.Jurjevic(阿尔姆斯)、M.Lindquist(萨帕铝合金)、NOVA Karlovac(方形和纪念表面)、木工鲁道夫(长凳、扶手)、Aljosa Sribar(欧司朗LED)、Ciril Zlobec(玻璃棱镜)
Architect: 3LHD (Project team: Silvije Novak, Marko Dabrovic, Sasa Begovic, Tanja Grozdanic, Sinisa Glusica)
Project: 12.1997 (public competition – first prize)
Project end: 08.2001.
Construction: 09.2001. – 21.12.2001.
Location: Mrtvi kanal / Rijeka / Croatia
Client: City of Rijeka, Croatia
Budget: 1.2 million $
Photos: Aljosa Brajdic, Damir Fabijanić and 3LHD Archive
Text: 3LHD
Dimensions: Site area: 1046 m2 / Gross floor area: 262 m2 / Footprint: 262 m2 / Altitude: 1.7 m / Overall length: 47.0 m / Clear span: 35.7 m / Width: 5.4 m / Construction thickness: 65 cm / Verticals: 9 m
Structural engineers: CES doo Rijeka – Jean Wolf, Zoran Novacki, Dusan Srejic – bridge UPI-2M doo Zagreb – Berislav Medic – bench and handrail
Main contractors: GP Krk (general), Shipyard 3.Maj (steel construction), Almes (aluminium, glass), Ribaric (lighting)
Collaborators: B.Jurjevic (Almes), M.Lindquist (SAPA aluminium), NOVA Karlovac (square and memorial surface), carpentry Rudolf (benches, handrail), Aljosa Sribar (OSRAM – LED), Ciril Zlobec (glass prisms)

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纪念桥