景观视频教程

大都会艺术博物馆的大卫·H·科赫广场

景观 / 居住环境 2021-9-27 17:46

大都会艺术博物馆的大卫·H·科赫广场
David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

奥林:沿着地标性的第五大道立面,奥林为大都会艺术博物馆四个街区长的广场所做的设计增强了纽约市最重要的公共聚集空间之一。奥林领导的设计优先考虑步行体验,并创造了一个欢迎的城市目的地,有喷泉、树木、座位、茶点亭和博物馆信息亭。喷泉、植物、宏伟的楼梯和立面上的节能和漫射光层次提升了广场的夜晚氛围。一对新的当代花岗岩喷泉利用创新的蒸汽循环系统全年运行。它们的位置更靠近大楼梯,改善了通往广场街道级公共入口的通道,并在坐在台阶上的人和喷泉旁的人之间建立了一种充满活力的联系。
OLIN: Along the length of the landmarked Fifth Avenue façade, OLIN’s design for The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s four-block-long plaza enhances one of New York City’s most significant public gathering spaces. OLIN led the design to prioritize the pedestrian experience and create a welcoming urban destination with fountains, trees, seating, and kiosks for refreshments and museum information. A hierarchy of energy-efficient and diffused light on the fountains, plantings, grand stairs and façade enhance the evening ambiance of the plaza. A new pair of contemporary granite fountains operates year-round by utilizing an innovative steam-recycling circulation system. They are positioned closer to the grand stairs, improving access to the plaza’s street-level public entrances and creating an energized connection between people sitting on the steps and those at the fountains.

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

灌木和草本花卉的装饰床参考了20世纪早期至中期的照片和图纸中所示的植物。寿命有限的树木已被正式的空中树篱所取代。广场共有约100棵新树木,比之前的数量增加了一倍多。增加阴影可以创造一个更舒适的环境,将路面温度降低25华氏度。此外,悬挂式铺路系统允许广泛的地下树木坑收集和利用现场雨水,否则会加重城市基础设施的负担。未被树坑或种植区收集的多余雨水被收集并保存在地下保留区,然后缓慢释放到城市的雨水系统中。平均而言,预计每棵树每年的雨水减少量将为845至1390加仑。
Ornamental beds of shrubs and herbaceous flowers reference plantings seen in early-to-mid-20th century photographs and drawings. Trees with limited lifespans have been replaced with a formal allée of aerial hedges—in all, the plaza includes approximately 100 new trees, more than doubling the previous number. Increased shade creates a more comfortable environment, reducing the surface temperature of paving by as much as 25 degrees Fahrenheit. Additionally, a suspended paving system allows for extensive subsurface tree pits to collect and utilize on-site stormwater that would otherwise burden the city’s infrastructure. Excess stormwater not captured by tree pits or planting areas is collected and held in underground retention areas, and slowly released into the city’s stormwater system. On average, the projected annual stormwater reduction per tree will be 845 to 1,390 gallons.

Project Name: David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art
Location: New York City, New York, USA
Lead Design Firm: OLIN – landscape architecture
Completed: 2014

RCDolner–总承包商
Consultants:
Fluidity Design Consultants – water feature design
L’Observatoire International – lighting design
Spatial Affairs Bureau (formerly Rick Mather USA) – parasols, stone benches, new guard booths
Gorton & Associates – project and cost management
Sam Schwartz Engineering – vehicular and pedestrian traffic flow plan
Kohler Ronan – MEP, fire protection engineering
WJE Engineers & Architects, P.C. – building façade consulting
Langan Engineering and Environmental Services – civil, geotech, traffic, surveying
AKRF – environmental consulting
Jacobs | Doland – food service operations
Robert Silman Associates, Inc. – structural engineer
Northern Designs – irrigation
Milrose Consultants Inc. – code consultant, permitting
Urban Arborists – arborist
Urban Trees & Soils – soils consulting
Entro – signage design
RCDolner – general contractor

Text Credit: OLIN / The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Image Credits: All images © OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

以上内容来自「landezine」,感谢二年级的小渣渣整理供稿,如有侵权请联系删除,查看原文
大都会艺术博物馆的大卫·H·科赫广场