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弗朗索瓦密特朗大道

景观 / 居住环境 2021-8-24 07:28

弗朗索瓦密特朗大道
The Francois Mitterrand Strip

弗朗索瓦·密特朗地带是雷恩市的主要历史遗址。建于1682年,位于城墙脚下,控制着伊利河和维莱恩河的沼泽汇流处。首先,它的两侧是运河和四排树木,从一个散步和被人看到的地方,变成了一个被城市道路网吸收的更具功能的位置。随着时间的推移,建设项目取代了运河,原来的地平线随着城市的发展而消失。随着汽车的出现,该地带在20世纪70年代变成了一个巨大的停车场,地面和地下层显示出机会主义建筑工程服务于典型的、不断变化的城市需求的证据。
The Francois Mitterrand Strip is a major historic site for the city of Rennes. Constructed in 1682, it came to being at the foot of ramparts and dominated the swampy confluence of the Ille and Vilaine Rivers. First flanked by canals and four rows of trees, it went from a place for strolling and being seen, to a more functional location absorbed by the city’s grid of roads. Over time, construction projects replaced the canals and the original horizon literally disappeared with the growth of the city. Following the advent of cars, the strip became a vast car park in the 1970’s, for which the ground and the underground levels showed evidence of opportunistic construction work serving typical, evolving urban needs.

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie


The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie


The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie


The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie


The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie


The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie


The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Hervé Abbadie


The Francois Mitterrand Strip

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

The Francois Mitterrand Strip


The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© C.Le Devéhat, Rennes Ville et Métropole

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Mutabilis

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© Mutabilis


The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© J.MIGNOT, Rennes Ville et Métropole

The Francois Mitterrand Strip

© S.Piron


这条长轴的主要制约因素是东西向的公交线路,以及保护一条与常规交通分开的道路的愿望。这条50米宽、850米长的长条本应包括北部的汽车、南部的公共汽车和一条供行人使用的中央分隔车道。在比较了该布局的结果后,我们建议将行人中间带改为向北移动,以便更好地接触地面上的行人空间和商业,从而有利于朝南。在炎热的季节,流向南方的流量使停车场和交通保持在阴凉处。
The principal constraint for this major axis was the East-West bus line, and the desire to conserve one road that remained separate from regular traffic. The 50-meter width and the 850-meter-long strip were supposed to contain cars in the north, buses in the south and a central median lane for pedestrians. After comparing results of this layout, we suggested moving the pedestrian median strip to the north instead, so as to offer better contact between the pedestrian space and the commerce on the ground level, thus favouring a southern exposure. The flow transferred to the south enables parking and traffic to remain in the shade during the hot season.

除了交通流量的布局外,还需要对项目的花园尺寸做出响应。用植物生命再次入侵车辆所在的空间的想法似乎与地点不符。需要一个空间,以开放的城市的不同用途的广度。在需要安装每周农贸市场或组织其他活动的情况下,可转换的多功能场所。然而,我们提出了一个以水和季节性高水位的影响为特征的花园,而不是在水的交汇处出现变形的、未种植的土地。
Along with the layout for traffic flow, a response was needed for the garden dimension of the program. The idea of once again invading the space with plant life where vehicles had been, didn’t seem to fit with the location. A space was needed that would be open to the breadth of the city’s different uses. A versatile location capable of conversion in case of needing to install a weekly farmer’s market, or organizing other events. However, instead of the deformed, unplanted spit of land at the water’s confluence, we proposed a garden marked by the influence of water and seasonal high waters.

我们不希望一个项目仅仅是物理限制和地面材料的结果。因此,布列塔尼选择了黑色和白色作为参照,并设计了白色线条,这些线条可以扩大或缩小空间,使其具有尺寸感。选择闪闪发光的沥青混凝土作为狭长地带的中心,反映了人们对空间多样化用途的渴望,而潮湿的气候意味着容易弄脏的表面必须加以限制,例如为博尔斯奥运会保留的稳定土。
We didn’t want a project that would simply be the outcome of physical limits and the surface material on the ground. Black and white – references of Brittany – were therefore chosen, as well as a design of white lines, which expand or narrow down spaces, giving them measurement. The choice of a shimmering, asphalt concrete for the heart of the strip reflects the desire for diverse uses of the space, while the humid climate meant surfaces that could easily get dirty had to be kept limited, such as stabilized soil, which was reserved for boules games.

在光线下,这种材料像花岗岩一样振动,表面光滑舒适。地面变得像一块大黑板,在上面可以自由使用。为了鼓励新的活动,我们建议为老年人、成年人提供体操器械,为儿童提供游戏。地面上绘制的跳房子图案和彩绘垫子包括儿童图案或舞步图案。滑旱冰选手可以找到回旋的好场地,一个测量尺可以让慢跑者和步行者测量他们的步幅。
In the light, this material vibrates like granite and offers the advantage of a smooth, very comfortable surface. The ground becomes like a large black board on which new uses are given free range. In order to encourage new activities, we suggested gymnastic apparatuses for seniors, adults and games for children. Hopscotch patterns drawn on the ground, and painted mats include patterns for children or dance steps. Rollerbladers find great surfaces for slaloms and a measuring scale allows joggers and walkers to measure their steps.

因此,弗朗索瓦密特朗大道正在重新成为一个主要的公共空间,它曾经是一个受欢迎和舒适的地方。该项目是城市这一部分真正城市转型的导火索。现在,它为居民提供了一个巨大的开放空间,在那里他们可以找到各种用途,在那里他们可以见面、拍照、散步、去有机食品市场、玩耍、去音乐会、在阳光下休息……雷恩市在落成后真的接管了景观,以支持这个地方,使它更具活力。
The François Mitterrand strip is thus in the process of becoming a major public space again, that is welcoming and comfortable, as it once was.The project was the trigger for a real urban transformation of this part of the city. It now offers to the inhabitants a large open space where they can find various uses, where they can meet, pic nic, walk, go to an organic food market, play, go to concert, rest on the sun… The city of Rennes really takes over the landscape paysagiste after the inauguration to support this place and make it even more alive.

Data

摄影师:埃尔维·阿巴迪
François Mitterrand Strip – Mail François Mitterrand
Landscape Architecture: Mutabilis Paysage et Urbanisme
Other design firms involved: Y-Ingénierie / Agence ON (lightning designer)
Project location: Rennes (France)
Design year: 2012-2013
Year Built: December 2013- May 2015
Clients: Ville de Rennes + Rennes Métropole
Area: 850 metres long – 50 metres large
Cost: 9 000 000 €
Photographer: Hervé Abbadie

Festival les tombées de la nuit July 2015:

Le nouveau jardin de la confluence

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弗朗索瓦密特朗大道