景观视频教程

北京环境教育主题城市森林规划

景观 / 公共空间 2020-5-6 23:36 © 作品由「zyj98131」上传,最终解释权归作者所有 zyj98131

项目名称:北京环境教育主题城市森林规划

位置:北京

设计公司:中国林业科学研究院

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或许你会认为这是耸人听闻,但当今社会日益增长的儿童肥胖率、少儿多动症、忧郁症及其它心理疾病其实与儿童同自然接触时间长短密切相关。今天,电子产品环境下成长的一代人,普遍在生活中缺少与自然的接触,导致这一代儿童出现身体肥胖、注意力紊乱、性格暴躁和心理抑郁的现象显著增加。在美国,这种因缺少与自然接触而引发的行为与心理问题,被称为“自然缺失症”。孩子的自然缺失问题已成为世界性的社会问题,达到非常可怕的地步。在中国,这一现象更为严重。据调查,中国20个省市的小学、初中生中48.5%的孩子每周户外活动时间少于3小时,12.4%受调查者有自然缺失症倾向,且这一程度还在增加。为了缓解这一问题,美国、日本、韩国等近十个针对环境教育进行专门立法,最大强度推进环境教育,重建儿童与自然的联系。为了更好地连接大自然和儿童,设计师在北京延庆妫河上游城市森林项目中加入了环境教育功能,希望借此机会为儿童提供一个环境教育场所与设施,唤醒他们的生态意识。


理查德·洛夫当初写《林间最后的小孩》这本书的时候,主要是因为美国孩子的“自然缺失症”已经达到了一个可怕的地步,但是他显然不知道在大洋的彼岸,有一群孩子们正在患上更严重的“自然缺失症”。我们国家正在进行着又一轮迅猛的城镇化建设,我们正在以另世界惊讶的速度将自己包裹在钢铁和水泥的丛林中。我们每天都在为自己前进的脚步而骄傲,或是为自己的未来而操劳,对于下一代,我们更多的关心他们是不是有健康的食物和奶粉,会不会得到良好的教育资源,能不能在和同龄人的激烈竞争中脱颖而出,而完全忽视了他们和自然的接触。实际上,很多时候我们浮躁的心态让我们无法静下心来带着孩子去亲近自然。——来自一位孩子家长那么,在中国,我们会是“林间最后的小孩”吗?我们的孩子又将何去何从?


景观设计师应该具为儿童提供环境教育场所的设计能力与社会责任。项目立足环境教育、城市森林与风景园林三个学科理论,建立了一套基于环境教育理论的规划设计调查评估程序。团队基于97个保护地的环境教育(宣传教育)基地作为前期研究样本,共收集84份评估报告、召开社区、专家、官员等各类座谈研讨会议十余次。项目研究数据源于国家林业和草原局研究项目。本项目建设区域位于北京市延庆区妫河上游地段,场地现状是一片以杨树林为主要树种的城市森林,处于西边的夏都桥与东边的日上桥之间。项目研究范围约26.25hm2,毗邻延庆体育公园、夏都公园和妫河森林公园。

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设计师 | 中国
北京环境教育主题城市森林规划