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山东天鹅湖湿地公园景观廊及观鸟塔

景观 / 公园广场 2020-4-10 14:27 © 作品由「快乐的angel」上传,最终解释权归作者所有 快乐的angel

项目名称:山东天鹅湖湿地公园景观廊及观鸟塔

位置:山东

设计公司:迹·建筑事务所(TAO)

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天鹅湖湿地公园位于山东省荣成市,是一处紧邻黄海的自然湿地,场地平坦开阔,遍生芦苇,水流蜿蜒曲折穿梭其间。每年十月左右,成群的天鹅会自西伯利亚南下至此过冬,湿地公园的美景与天鹅的到来也吸引着大批游客至此观光游览。当地政府因此希望在公园内修建一组建筑,为游客提供观景、餐饮等服务。建筑选址于湿地东北角,此处背靠一片茂盛的黑松林,面朝整个湿地景观。建筑在场地中的形象可以被理解为一座“桥”和一座“塔”:水平向的景观廊长71米,如同湿地上的一道长桥,架空漂浮在柔软的土壤和水流上,最大化地保持了自然地形的延续性,又如一把从湿地伸入水面的标尺,通过自身的水平性提示下方地形的变化;竖直的瞭望塔高15.6米,如同水边的灯塔,为游客观景提供了一处可以俯瞰湿地、远眺马山的高点视野。一横一竖两个体量,在空间的三个维度上与场地紧密地联系起来。


在设计起始时,景观廊的功能仅被规划为咖啡厅与卫生间。建筑周围的环境要素与使用者的行为要求希望其呈现出对湿地及松林景观充分开放的姿态,由此建筑被自然而然地赋予了观景游览这一串联前两者的第三个属性。建筑空间沿长轴方向分为三层,咖啡厅和卫生间布置在中间,交通空间位于两侧。两侧的半室外廊道空间呈现出截然相反的两种气质:东侧的外廊紧靠松林,更为内向安静;西侧的外廊则面向湿地景观,更为外向开阔。两侧的路径在行进过程中时而聚合,形成出入口、连桥或内院;时而分化形成楼梯,向上可至屋顶平台远眺群山,向下可至水面近看潋滟,在整个游览过程中形成一系列丰富的体验变化。为了实现桥式的大跨度结构,建筑采用全现浇木模混凝土这一种结构即建筑的建构方式,在两块水平楼板中布置了若干起结构作用的现浇墙体,在增强结构整体性的同时分隔出不同性格的建筑空间。错缝排列的松木模板为坚硬的混凝土墙体赋予了细腻的木纹肌理,给建筑增添了些许温暖的性格,同时也回应了场地周边以松林为主的自然环境特征。

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本文转自 zhulong http://bbs.zhulong.com/101020_group_201864/detail41612061/
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山东天鹅湖湿地公园景观廊及观鸟塔