The town of Chengkou county is located in the junction of Sichuan, Shanxi and Chongqing provinces. PingShang village of Bashan town is a back facing Daba Mountain Lake immigrant village, village along the road in a linear distribution built on the mountain. The villagers are placed when the reservoir migrants from the surrounding concentrated here, present small enclaves scattered layout, the villagers are migrants when centralized resettlement here from the surrounding land, because of the limitations caused by the lack of public space and the village people strangeness and other reasons, etc. Therefore, it has become an urgent need to create a series of “Shared and governed” public Spaces for villagers and tourists to meet the needs of production and life and contribute to the development of rural tourism.
▼从村庄看大巴山和巴山湖，facing Daba Mountain Lake
The collective memory of a village has a profound influence on the generation of human living environment. At the same time, once the belief is formed, such memory will inject spirit and charm into the living environment. In pingshang village, we learned that the villagers have a deep memory of huangxi’s hometown under the lake through investigation, visit and villagers’ meeting. After discussing with the villagers, we tried to connect the murakou space with the memory of the “hometown”.
The program exchange for villagers is an important part of the open framework of the design, which is a process to stimulate the subjectivity of rural construction. When we were in the village committee office to introduce the villagers to the design idea of the link between the village public space and huangxi old street, the gap between dialects was broken and the noisy village committee became quiet. They understood and sympathized with this idea, and the trust between the designer and the villagers was established and maintained in the future work.
▼村标建成照片,Village sign completion photo.
The village entrance site is a narrow steep slope. The village logo design USES the familiar boat observation platform of the villagers by the lake to extend the space between the mountains and waters through vertical direction and overhanging. The local SLATE and rocks are combined with the stack wood structure to respond to local traditions. The rust plate is used as the base plate of font and pattern, making the brick red mark set off against the local block stone, strengthening the connection with the village environment. Add familiar component elements to create resonance
▼村标及其结构轴侧图，Village sign&Axonometric drawing
The site moving line design is based on the dialogue between people and places, hoping that people can understand the history of the new village and the lake. First, people walk through a ritualized platform space entrance constructed by the tower village logo and see the introduction of huangxi old street. Then overlooking the huangxi old street underwater ruins. At this time, people and the old street produced a spatial and psychological connection. We understand design as an open framework.
Usually from the construction of rural construction, resource scarcity and ping village public space, we according to the construction of rural public space landscape design in the overall transform, activate the village public life and collective memory, reuniting the heart. When the village was built, we saw young people using it as a new public place, or as a ferry that connects old and new places to old ones.
▼乡愁的渡口，a ferry that connects old and new
Exploring the relationship between village and travel, we follow the environmental education combined with small garbage management closed loop design principle, the village settlements from bashan lake, the lake is hundreds of meters elevation difference, the waste management and is very difficult to gather along the lake, design wants to renovation and lakeside village primary school online combining a series of public space, make the campus environment education courses available in the public space of lakeside, increase along the villagers and tourists feel a sense of environmental education, to inspire the subjectivity of the villagers and tourists jointly maintain the environment along the way, can form “sharing power-sharing between rural public environment.
▼村庄小学与与周边公共空间模型鸟瞰图 ，Aerial view of village primary school and surrounding public space model
Design according to the township to build school community construction team of garbage classification method and training line, choose the lake and the location of the parking lot was designed in combination with the villagers of the main square in garbage classification and recycling rainwater collecting topics such as garden landscape nodes. Club team garbage classification for elementary school curriculum guide, at the same time hope that through a series of environmental education theme landscape space construction, guide the visitor in villages and to participate in the village in the picturesque scenery of the lake area small loop of waste management in.
▼垃圾分类方法和培训动线的起点，the starting point of garbage classification method and training line
In the countryside, garbage is a misplaced resource. From the source of rural waste, compost kitchens and other waste incinerators account for the majority. After the rural tourism development, is one of tourists itself can bring a lot of recycling, the second is the villagers to meet the demand of tourists would be excessive consumption in garbage resources resulting in excess, it brings to the local rural environment as a whole the huge ecological environment pressure, and ping village is the national water source protected area and the national wetland park, design choices by small garbage governance ecology environment landscape design of closed loop type deal with the relationship between rural tourism and ecological protection.
▼用砖、水泥砌块、废弃酒瓶设计的垃圾分类回收场地，Garbage sorting and recycling site designed with brick, cement block and discarded wine bottle
Using garbage classification principles, adjust measures to local conditions, will be treated as waste diversion and use of the existing manufacturing waste, recycling recycling products, such as rural compostable waste from the production, useless garbage landfill temporarily unable to use, and use the logo design will be garbage sorting center according to the different colors to distinguish, in order to design achieve visual impact feeling, so as to mobilize the local villagers garbage classification processing of self-consciousness, garbage sorting area built by township hospital social work team organize the inside and outside of the village children classroom experience they sort the garbage, Children through classroom “sorting” experience the game roles learn some simple organic manure treatment, children learned to garbage classification also gradually became village garbage supervisor role, this a series of actions to the villagers to the garbage.
▼垃圾分类体验课，Garbage classification Experience Class
Environmental education: design hopes to participate in environmental education theme square landscape design series villagers, rain garden, garbage sorting recycling center, the stage of oath nodes, attempted to convey a different meaning of lake environment in rural experience. The experience design strategy, first of all, by using of jingshan lake forest, framing and techniques of places, to strengthen the village natural elements (such as the villagers childhood) of trees and landscape facilities of symbiosis, the second is to meet daily garbage sorting recycling and environmental education of landscape is reflected to the processing of space requirements; Finally, the experience of these landscape fragments is sublimated in an oath stand symbolizing a new collective memory. Oath platform design use galvanized steel material reflection effects to the periphery environment of build a place for meditation, and on the part of the transparent material and the lower part of the opaque material combination, through changing with opaque material of ups and downs, create a microcosm of a mountain range chart, again through the ground of interest advertising that prompts visitors will not be taken down lake rubbish rot (spam) on the garbage sorting recycling pool, implementation to design driving experience sharing the purpose of the work.
▼村民广场的誓言台，The vows of the villager’s Square
Design considering the factors such as local construction level and construction conditions of rural workers to choose is given priority to with construction of the low technology combined with local materials, building materials mainly by facilitating processing of precast concrete, brick, and discarded bottles to give priority to. Precast concrete let the children gathered in the village near the main tree species leaves after rubbing in concrete, install it in the garbage classification pool to increase environmental interest, wooden corridor ground connected by steel members are more economical foundation construction costs, waste bottle combined with common red brick as the main floor set at the main pavilion gallery visitors to rest, hope to use waste materials with low technology builds a series of education experience in public space construction, guide the tourists and the villagers gradually establish a “Shared work” “place to experience”.
▼废旧材料运用与低技术施工营造的雨水花园及周边公共空间，Rain Water Garden and its surrounding Public Space by using waste materials with low technology
▼景观廊架实景图，Landscape gallery frame view
Conclusion: we find that the design and implementation of public space outside pingshang village is a process of subjective reconstruction of villagers and the restoration of village cultural confidence. This is a dynamic process, the designer can be selected as collaborators use this law to assist the village villagers conference by soliciting opinions, and villagers interviews, participate in building construction and other ways to speed up the process, will be “outsiders” finger-pointing village planning and construction to the villagers together mutual independent construction achievements, create a can let people cherish and integrated into the collective memory of “sharing power-sharing between rural public space.
▼“共享共治”式乡村公共空间融入了集体记忆，the collective memory of “sharing power-sharing between rural public space.
Designer: Zhao Jingxing
Team: SuLin、Zhang Xiaokang、Chengpeng、HeHongquan、ZhangJie、Fu Guohua
Company: China Research Institute for rural construction
Location: Bashan village, Chengkou province, Chongqing
Customer name：The people’s Government of Bashan Town, Chengkou County, Chongqing