景观视频教程

Herdla Birdwatching Tower

景观 / 居住环境 2019-6-20 23:12 © 作品由「武七三」上传,最终解释权归作者所有 武七三

赫尔德拉观鸟塔
Herdla Birdwatching Tower

答:挪威西部的景观不仅以陡峭的山坡、冰川、深谷和峡湾为特征,而且以工业区和崎岖海岸沿线肥沃的农业用地为特征。位于卑尔根北部的一个岛屿Ask_y的最顶端,你可以看到Herdla,一个代表这些典型农业景观的地区。宽阔开阔的草原被浅海和淡水池塘环绕,成为鸟类栖息和筑巢的最佳场所,吸引了来自世界各地的观鸟者。
AS: The landscapes of western Norway is not only characterized by precipitous mountain slopes, glaciers, deep valleys and fjords, but also by industrial areas and fertile agricultural land along the rough coastline. Located on the very tip of Askøy, an island north of Bergen, you find Herdla, an area representing these typical agricultural landscapes. The wide and open grasslands, surrounded by shallow sea and sweet water ponds, have become the perfect spot for birds to rest and nest, attracting birdwatchers from all over the world.

Herdla景观中最珍贵的部分由区域环境保护局进行保护和管理,同时也可作为传统农场的牧场,生产牲畜和草。在这里,对农业、环境保护和公共户外生活利益的考虑都至关重要,作为一种使该地区更为丰富的方式,一个路径系统和一个新的鸟类观测站已经建立。
The most precious parts of the Herdla landscape is under conservation and managed by the regional authority for environmental protection, but also function as pasture land for a conventional farm with livestock and grass production. Here, consideration for agriculture, environmental protection and public outdoor life interests are all crucial, and as a way of making the richness of the area more accessible, a system of paths and a new bird observatory has been created.

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

© LJB AS

© LJB AS

© LJB AS

这座钢铁和木塔位于池塘和海滩附近,高出田野七米。混凝土地下室设有一个泵站,作为农田排水设施,并使池塘中的水保持水平。在一楼的外面,已经建立了一个供坐用的圆形剧场,以及一条人行道,为通往塔楼的轮椅创造了便利。安菲和人行道被一堵向西的墙包围,以保护空间不受风的影响。这座塔有两个公共楼层:一个可进入的下层和顶层,通过塔中心的螺旋楼梯进入。作为一种避免游客接触鸟类的方法,两个楼层都是悬臂式的,也为观鸟者创造了阴影和天气保护。
Located close to the ponds and the beach, the steel and wood tower rises seven meters above the field. The concrete basement is hosting a pumping-station which functions as a draining facility for the agricultural fields as well as leveling the water in the ponds. Outside, on the ground floor, an amphi for sitting has been established, together with a footpath creating accessibility for wheelchairs to the tower. The amphi and the footpath are surrounded by a wall to the west, protecting the space from wind. The tower has two public floors; an accessible lower -and a top floor, which is accessed by a spiral stair at the center of the tower. As a way of hiding the visitors from the birds, both floors are cantilevering, also creating shadow and weather protection for the birdwatchers.

塔楼上部的形状是360度视野的理想答案,而下部则是对已经在现场的第二次世界大战混凝土地基的反应,在周围的历史方面和现场的新功能之间创造了一个整合,并保持项目的低成本。建筑意图是在地下室上方安装一个“安全”和稳定的空气动力学和方向独立的天文台。精确安装的木质覆层可根据天气条件调整和改变颜色,创造出柔软自然的外壳,使其具有坚固的几何形状。
The shape of the upper parts of the tower is an answer to the wish for 360-degree views, while the lower part respond to the 2nd World War concrete foundations that was already on the site, creating an integration between the historical aspects of the surrounding and the new function on the site, as well as keeping the cost of the project low. The architectural intention was to assemble a “safe” and stable basement with an aerodynamic and directional independent observatory above it. The precisely mounted wooden cladding adapts and changes colour in response to the weather conditions, creating a soft and nature-like overcoat to the strong and geometrical form.

地点:Herdla,问_y,
Location: Herdla, Askøy,

挪威
Norway

建筑师:L J B
Architect: L J B

AS。团队:L.J.Berge,G.D.Marchesi,A.I.Huhn,L.Negrini
AS. Team: L. J. Berge, G. D. Marchesi, A. I. Huhn, L. Negrini

结构工程师:节点:R.Rykkje
Structural engineer: NODE AS: R. Rykkje

客户:Fylkesmannen I Hordaland:Stein Byrkjeland,
Client: Fylkesmannen i Hordaland: Stein Byrkjeland,

J·rgen Aar
Jørgen Aarø

赫德拉G_路:莫顿BJ_恩施塔德
Herdla Gård: Morten Bjørnstad

主承包商:J.N_Vdal Bygg AS
Main contractor: J. Nævdal Bygg AS

–Tor Atle Dr_nen(项目经理)
– Tor-Atle Drønen (project manager)

–Lase Telnes(团队领导木匠)
– Lasse Telnes (team leading carpenter)

设计:2012-2015
Design: 2012 – 2015

建设:2017年
Construction: 2017

面积/尺寸:62平方米,高7.2米
Area/size: 62 sqm footprint, 7,2 m high

图片来源:LJB AS:Anders E.Johnsson
Image credits: LJB AS: Anders E. Johnsson

本文转自 landezine http://www.landezine.com/index.php/2018/01/herdla-birdwatching-tower-by-l-j-b-as/
设计师 | 中国
Herdla Birdwatching Tower