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The West Harlem Piers Park

景观 / 滨水生态 2018-4-27 19:07 © 作品由「安徒生童话」上传,最终解释权归作者所有 安徒生童话
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w建筑:西哈林区Piers公园是一个巨大的空间改造,已经在社区中消失多年。我们的设计领导层在九年的时间里结束了长达30年的社会斗争,以恢复他们的海滨,恢复他们与河流的联系。一个狭窄的69000平方英尺的停车场已经通过创意规划扩展到一个105,526平方英尺的公园,这个公园可以以一种可持续的、有意义的方式重新想象城市与哈德逊之间的界限。
W-Architecture: The West Harlem Piers Park is a dramatic transformation of space that had been lost to the community for many years. Our design leadership over a nine year period terminated a 30 year struggle by the community to regain their waterfront and renew their connection to the river. A narrow 69,000 sf parking lot has been expanded through creative planning into a 105,526 sf park that re-imagines the threshold between the city and the Hudson in a sustainable and meaningful way.

© W Architecture

© W Architecture

© W Architecture

© W Architecture

© W Architecture

© W Architecture

© W Architecture

© W Architecture

© W Architecture

© W Architecture

© W Architecture

© W Architecture

© W Architecture

© Barbara Wilks

© Barbara Wilks

© W Architecture

该遗址位于哈德逊河(Hudson River)的第129至第133条街之间,距离这条街的宽度不超过一个网球场,邻近的交通和高速公路已被切断。这条河的入口,历史上是相邻的悬崖之间的天然海湾,最近的一个工业港口,已经变成了一个铺有篱笆的停车场。项目的目的是在哈德逊河上建立一个聚集的地方,把居民重新连接到水里。我们的设计团队与一群强大的社区活动人士紧密合作,举行了一系列的公开会议,为邻近的40个街区制定了总体规划。计划的第一阶段是创建西哈莱姆码头公园,其中包括改造邻近的道路,以促进行人通道、新的社区码头,以及停车场的重新构想。
The site, no wider than a tennis court between 129th and 133rd Streets along the Hudson River, had been cut off from the neighborhood by the adjacent traffic and highway above. This point of access to the river, historically a natural cove between adjacent bluffs, and more recently an industrial port, had become a paved and fenced parking lot. The project intent was to create a gathering place on the Hudson to reconnect the residents to the water. Working closely with a strong group of community activists, our design team held a series of public meetings that resulted in a master plan for the adjacent 40 block area. The first phase of the plan was the creation of West Harlem Piers Park which included transforming the adjacent road to promote pedestrian access, new community piers, and the total re-envisioning of the parking lot.

公园的设计是基于cove的概念,作为一个地方集合的力量在现场工作。这种形式是来自城市和水的力量的结果。公园的元素被分散,按大小排序,就好像被海浪留下一样。这些元素包括花岗岩长椅(从舱壁重新使用花岗岩块)、草坪段和三角形种植体。路面在其模式中重申了这种波状运动。码头本身也遵循土地形成模式,而不是历史的码头配置。码头提供各种与水有关的活动,包括钓鱼、游船、生态意识和一般的娱乐活动。这种植物材料创造了两种生态:一种有混合落叶乔木的林地,低矮的下层植被和多年生的地面覆盖物;另一种则是在公园的两端有300英尺长的海滨长年床,以及为多种活动倾斜的草坪。
The park design is based on the idea of the cove form as a place collection of the forces working on the site. The form is a result of both the forces from the city as well as the water. Elements of the park are scattered and sorted by size as if left by waves. The elements include granite benches (reusing granite blocks from the bulkhead), segments of lawn, and triangular planters. The pavement reiterates this wavelike motion in its pattern. The piers themselves follow land formation patterns as well, rather than historic pier configurations. The piers provide various water-related activities including fishing, excursion boating, ecological awareness, and general recreation. The plant material creates two ecologies: a woodland with mixed deciduous trees, low understory and perennial ground cover, and the cove which features colorful 300 foot long seaside perennial beds at either end of the park and a sloped lawn for multiple activities.

该公园涉及分期建设,在不影响交通流的情况下缩小现有的相邻高速公路。Piers和roadway是第一阶段,而upland改进则将园区建成了第二阶段。城市公园、环境部门和陆军工兵部队都需要批准。对码头工人的缓解包括在河底安装礁球以提供鱼类栖息地。
The park involved phased construction, to narrow the existing adjacent highway without disrupting traffic flow. Piers and roadway were the first phase, while upland improvements completed the park as phase two. Approvals were required from the City Parks, from the State Department of the Environment, and from the Army Corps of Engineers. Mitigation for the piers involved the installation of reef balls on the floor of the river to provide for fish habitat.

角色:
Role:

总体规划:
Master Plan:

主要负责总体规划设计和社区参与;协调所有顾问,包括经济、运输和海运;创建主计划文档。
Prime firm in charge of master plan design and community participation; coordinating all consultants, including economic, transportation and marine; creation of master plan document.

第一阶段海滨公园:
Phase I – Waterfront Park:

主要公司和景观设计师;协调所有审批,工程师,艺术委员会,艺术家等;创建设计
Prime firm and Landscape Architect; coordinating all approvals, engineers, art commission, artists, etc.; create design

文件并监督施工。
documents and supervise construction.

关键人员:芭芭拉威尔
Key Personnel: Barbara Wilks

竣工日期:
Completion Dates:

社区总体规划发布:12月02日。
Community Master Plan Issued: December ‘02

海滨公园示意图:03年3月。
Waterfront Park Schematic Approval: March ‘03

施工图纸:04年3月
Construction Drawings: March ‘04

施工完成:2008年秋季
Construction Complete: Fall 2008

最终建设成本:1300万美元。
Final Construction Cost: $13 Million

项目总费用:130万美元。
Total Project Fee: $1.3 Million

奖项:
Awards:

2010 -杰作社区催化剂奖
2010-MASterwork Neighborhood Catalyst Award

2009-ASLA纽约州荣誉奖。
2009-ASLA New York State Honor Award

2009年,滨水区中心荣誉奖。
2009-The Waterfront Center Honor Award

2006-AIA纽约州引文。
2006-AIA New York State Citation

2005-AIA国家学院荣誉奖。
2005-AIA National Institute Honor Award

为区域和城市设计。
for Regional & Urban Design

2004年美国国家绩效计划
2004-ASLA National Merit Planning

&分析奖
& Analysis Award

出版物:
Publications:

乌兰,亚历克斯。“在(城市)河畔”景观建筑Vol. 99, 2009.9:128-140。
Ulam, Alex. “Down by the (Urban) Riverside” Landscape Architecture Vol. 99 , Sept. 2009:128-140.

“拓展长、线性开放空间”景观设计师中国,2009年5月20日:08-17。
“Expanding the Long and Linear Open Space” Landscape Architect China, May 20, 2009: 08-17

“西哈莱姆码头公园”埃拉:环境与景观建筑,韩国253,2009:5月58-67。
Son, Seok Beom “West Harlem Piers Park” ELA: Environment, & Landscape Architecture of Korea 253, 2009: May 58-67

林达·波拉克《城市开垦的景观》,Lotus 128, 2007年夏天:36-45。
“The Landscape for Urban Reclamation” by Linda Pollack,Lotus 128, Summer 2007: 36-45

《城市设计中的AIA 2005国家荣誉奖项:西哈莱姆海滨公园》,作者:简·f·科尔利尼,建筑记录,麦格劳·希尔,纽约:2005年5月,第151页。
“AIA 2005 National Honor Awards in Urban Design: West Harlem Waterfront Park,” by Jane F. Kolleeny, Architectural Record, McGraw Hill, New York: May 2005, pg 151.

2004年美国景观设计师协会国家设计奖:西哈莱姆总体规划与滨水公园,景观设计,大连大学出版社,中国:2005年1月20日,第1期,第14页。
“2004 American Society of Landscape Architects National Design Awards: West Harlem Master Plan & Waterfront Park,” Landscape Design, Dalian University Press, China: January 20, 2005, No. 1, pg 14.

“哈德逊河上的哈莱姆区:社区、通讯和设计”雷蒙德·w·加斯泰尔,
“Harlem on the Hudson River: Community, Communication, and Design” Raymond W. Gastil,

《超越边缘:纽约的新海滨》,普林斯顿建筑出版社,纽约:2002年。
Beyond the Edge: New York’s New Waterfront, Princeton Architectural Press, New York: 2002.

展品:
Exhibits:

阈值:2008年Juried presentation赞助。
Thresholds: 2008 Juried presentation sponsored

纽约的建筑联盟。
by the Architectural League, New York City

2005年城市学院展览,改变街道景观:哈莱姆区的新建筑和开放空间。
2005 City College Exhibit, Changing Streetscapes: New Architecture and Open Space in Harlem

本文转自 landezine http://www.landezine.com/index.php/2014/12/the-west-harlem-piers-park-by-w-architecture/
设计师 | 中国
The West Harlem Piers Park