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David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

景观 / 滨水生态 2018-4-27 19:07 © 作品由「安徒生童话」上传,最终解释权归作者所有 安徒生童话
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奥林:沿着地标第五大道的正面,奥林设计的大都会艺术博物馆四街区长广场的设计提高了纽约市最重要的公共聚集空间之一。奥林领导了这个设计,以优先考虑行人体验,并创造一个欢迎的城市目的地,喷泉,树木,座位,和亭子,供茶点和博物馆信息。在喷泉、植物、大楼梯和立面上,有一种高能效和漫射光的层次结构,增强了广场的夜晚氛围。新型的现代花岗岩喷泉采用了创新的蒸汽循环循环系统,全年运行。他们被安置在离大楼梯更近的地方,改善了通往广场街道的公共入口的通道,并在台阶上和喷泉旁的人们之间建立了一种充满活力的联系。
OLIN: Along the length of the landmarked Fifth Avenue façade, OLIN’s design for The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s four-block-long plaza enhances one of New York City’s most significant public gathering spaces. OLIN led the design to prioritize the pedestrian experience and create a welcoming urban destination with fountains, trees, seating, and kiosks for refreshments and museum information. A hierarchy of energy-efficient and diffused light on the fountains, plantings, grand stairs and façade enhance the evening ambiance of the plaza. A new pair of contemporary granite fountains operates year-round by utilizing an innovative steam-recycling circulation system. They are positioned closer to the grand stairs, improving access to the plaza’s street-level public entrances and creating an energized connection between people sitting on the steps and those at the fountains.

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

© OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

在20世纪早期的照片和图画中看到的灌木和草本花卉的装饰性床。寿命有限的树木已经被一种正式的空中直升机的allee所取代——总的来说,这个广场包括了大约100棵新树,比之前的数字翻了一倍还多。增加的阴影创造了一个更舒适的环境,降低了路面温度高达25华氏度。此外,一个悬挂式的铺装系统允许广泛的地下树坑收集和利用现场的雨水,否则会给城市的基础设施造成负担。在地下保留区收集并保存了未被树坑或种植区域捕获的多余的雨水,并缓慢地释放到城市的雨水系统中。平均而言,预计每年每棵树的雨水减少量为845至1,390加仑。
Ornamental beds of shrubs and herbaceous flowers reference plantings seen in early-to-mid-20th century photographs and drawings. Trees with limited lifespans have been replaced with a formal allée of aerial hedges—in all, the plaza includes approximately 100 new trees, more than doubling the previous number. Increased shade creates a more comfortable environment, reducing the surface temperature of paving by as much as 25 degrees Fahrenheit. Additionally, a suspended paving system allows for extensive subsurface tree pits to collect and utilize on-site stormwater that would otherwise burden the city’s infrastructure. Excess stormwater not captured by tree pits or planting areas is collected and held in underground retention areas, and slowly released into the city’s stormwater system. On average, the projected annual stormwater reduction per tree will be 845 to 1,390 gallons.

项目名称:大都会艺术博物馆的大卫·h·科赫广场。
Project Name: David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

地点:纽约,纽约,美国。
Location: New York City, New York, USA

领先设计公司:奥林景观建筑。
Lead Design Firm: OLIN – landscape architecture

完成:2014
Completed: 2014

顾问:
Consultants:

流动设计顾问-水特征设计。
Fluidity Design Consultants – water feature design

国际照明设计。
L’Observatoire International – lighting design

空间事务局(前里克·马瑟美国)-阳伞、石凳、新警卫亭。
Spatial Affairs Bureau (formerly Rick Mather USA) – parasols, stone benches, new guard booths

Gorton & Associates -项目和成本管理。
Gorton & Associates – project and cost management

Sam Schwartz工程-车辆和行人交通流计划。
Sam Schwartz Engineering – vehicular and pedestrian traffic flow plan

Kohler Ronan - MEP,消防工程。
Kohler Ronan – MEP, fire protection engineering

WJE工程师与建筑师事务所,建筑立面咨询。
WJE Engineers & Architects, P.C. – building façade consulting

朗格工程与环境服务——土木、地理、交通、测量。
Langan Engineering and Environmental Services – civil, geotech, traffic, surveying

AKRF——环境咨询
AKRF – environmental consulting

雅各布斯| Doland - food service operations。
Jacobs | Doland – food service operations

Robert Silman Associates, Inc. -结构工程师。
Robert Silman Associates, Inc. – structural engineer

北方设计——灌溉
Northern Designs – irrigation

Milrose顾问公司-代码顾问,允许。
Milrose Consultants Inc. – code consultant, permitting

大卫·米拉奇——城市树木栽培家
Urban Arborists – arborist

城市树木和土壤-土壤咨询。
Urban Trees & Soils – soils consulting

Entro -标志设计
Entro – signage design

RCDolner——总承包商
RCDolner – general contractor

文本信用:奥林/大都会艺术博物馆。
Text Credit: OLIN / The Metropolitan Museum of Art

图片来源:所有图片都是奥林/萨哈·科斯塔-哈迪。
Image Credits: All images © OLIN / Sahar Coston-Hardy

本文转自 landezine http://www.landezine.com/index.php/2015/04/david-h-koch-plaza-at-the-metropolitan-museum-of-art-olin-landscape-architecture/
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David H. Koch Plaza at the Metropolitan Museum of Art