华展街具

Renovation of Slovenska Boulevard in Ljubljana

图库/公共空间/2018-10-9 23:01 71 0 收藏

卢布尔雅那斯洛文斯卡大道改造
Renovation of Slovenska Boulevard in Ljubljana

Scapelab:过去十年在卢布尔雅那首都斯洛文尼亚,已经把自己从一个昏昏欲睡的后社会主义的小镇成为当代欧洲城市,并越来越受欢迎的旅游目的地。城市的主要街道是斯洛文斯卡大街,它在南北方向穿过城市。街上始终是一个城市进步的地方:在这里建立了第一座摩天大楼,第一现代住房块…也是城市中许多重要事件的阶段,如马拉松和一年一度的自行车比赛,各种示威,和破纪录的方丹城市高中毕业生的CE。
Scapelab: During the last ten years Ljubljana, the capital city of Slovenia, has transformed itself from a sleepy post-socialist town into a contemporary European city, and an ever more popular tourist destination. The main street of the city is the Slovenska street, which crosses the city in the north-south direction. The street was always a place of urban progress: here the first skyscraper was constructed, the first modernistic housing block… It is also the stage for many important events in the city, such as the marathon and the annual cycling race, various demonstrations, and the record-breaking square dance of the city’s high-school graduates.

从某种意义上说,它是一个正在形成的空间——一个城市向它所奋斗的未来展示的空间。在六十年代,它被加宽并改造成四车道的道路,越来越多的交通流经市中心。在那个时候,交通被视为一种活力的象征——交通越拥挤,城市就越活跃。通过逐步扩大和适应汽车,很快就清楚了,汽车的需求永远不能完全满足。通过执行严格和一贯的交通政策,并为汽车交通建立备选路线,该市终于在2012年达到关闭斯洛文尼亚街道进行汽车交通的正确条件。
In a way, it is a space of becoming – a space where the city demonstrates towards what kind of future it strives. In the sixties it was widened and transformed into a four-lane roadway, and more and more traffic flowed through the centre of the city. In those times, traffic was seen as a sign of vitality – the more intense the traffic, the livelier the city. Through gradual expansion and accommodation of cars it soon became clear that the needs of the car can never be fully satisfied. Through executing strict and consistent traffic policy and building alternative routes for car traffic the city finally achieved the right conditions to close the Slovenska street for car traffic in 2012.

© Miran Kambič

© Miran Kambič

© Miran Kambič

© Miran Kambič

© Miran Kambič

© Miran Kambič

© Miran Kambič

© Miran Kambič

© Miran Kambič

© Miran Kambič

场地规划
Site-plan

截面
Section

截面
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截面
Section

2012年,该市发布了一项提案,四个著名的建筑事务所参加了提案:Dekleva Gregori建筑师、KatuishiKocbek建筑师、Sadar+Vuga和Scapelab。在征求建议之后,四个办事处决定继续共同开展该项目,并提出共同的综合解决方案。新的斯洛文斯卡街道项目是基于公共空间设计中的前沿概念。尽管行人和公共汽车交通量很大,但它被设计成“共享空间”,一个用户平等参与的空间,并且高度差减小到最小。
In 2012 the city issued a call for proposals, in which four prominent architectural offices participated: Dekleva Gregorič architects, Katušič Kocbek architects, Sadar + Vuga and Scapelab. Following the call for proposals the four offices decided to continue the project together and present a common, synthetic solution. The New Slovenska Street project is based on cutting-edge concepts in public space design. Despite the large volume of pedestrian and bus traffic it is designed as a “shared space”, a space, where users participate equally, and height differences are reduced to a minimum.

这种转变的灵感来自欧洲大城市的典型大道,大道总是用两个关键元素来标记——垂直的和水平的。在这种情况下,这些是甘露树灰树(fraxinus ornus)的树线,以及路面的几何图案,这创造了精细地毯的印象,并增加了城市空间的光学尺寸。随着交通的转型,公交走廊成为首都的主要公共空间之一。没有个人的汽车交通允许扩展的程序和创造一个空间与自己的性格。这允许一个优化的公共汽车运输服务,并仍然保持了通往市中心的道路的历史特征。
The transformation drew inspiration from typical avenues in large European cities, where avenues are always marked with two key elements – a vertical and a horizontal one. In this case these are the tree-line of manna ash trees (fraxinus ornus), and the geometric pattern of the pavement, which creates the impression of a fine carpet and increases the optical dimension of urban space. With the transformation, the transit corridor became one of the main public spaces of the capital. The absence of personal motor traffic allows for the expansion of programs and the creation of a space with its own character. This allows for an optimized bus transportation service and still preserves the historical character of a thoroughfare fuelling the city centre.

通过设置两对大型公共汽车站,街道真正成为公共交通的中心交通枢纽。一个面向汽车的交通道路因此转变成一个优先于公共交通、行人和骑自行车的空间。通过在市中心设计一个促进可持续流动和公共交通的空间,该市在其交通政策中迈出了关键一步,并完成了欧洲绿色资本2016项目的关键项目之一。新的大道改善了空间的整体质量,同时重塑了城市的形象。完整的排列将破碎的区域结合成一个具有突出绿色特征的统一空间。斯洛文斯卡街因此获得了独特的身份——当代和不同于旧的城市中心。
By placing two pairs of large bus stations the street truly becomes a central transport hub for public transport. A car-oriented traffic road is thus transformed into a space which gives priority to public transport, pedestrians and cyclists. By designing a space which promotes sustainable mobility and public transport in the very centre, the city has made a key step in its transport policy, and completed one of the key projects in the European Green Capital 2016 project. The new avenue improves the overall quality of the space and simultaneously reshapes the image of the city. The complete arrangement ties the fragmented area together into a uniform space with a prominently green character. Slovenska street therefore obtains a unique identity – contemporary and distinct from the old city centre.

数据
Data

项目名称:卢布尔雅那斯洛文斯卡大道改造
Project Name: Renovation of Slovenska Boulevard in Ljubljana

地点:斯洛文尼亚卢布尔雅那
Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia

面积:14000平方米
Area: 14000 m2

竣工日期:2015
Completion Date: 2015

建筑师:德克列娃·格里高里·阿尔希蒂,卡图耶科克贝克阿尔希蒂,萨达尔·沃加,斯卡普拉布,工作室克里托夫
Architect: Dekleva Gregorič arhitekti, Katušič Kocbek arhitekti, Sadar + Vuga, Scapelab, Studio Krištof

摄影师:米兰·坎比
Photographer: Miran Kambič

客户:MeSTNa OB卢布尔雅那(卢布尔雅那市)
Client: Mestna občina Ljubljana (Municipality of Ljubljana)

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