华展街具

Sovereign Square

图库/公共空间/2018-9-6 15:26 215 0 收藏

君主广场
Sovereign Square

重新塑造景观建筑有限公司:主权广场是利兹城市中心一代的第一个公共空间。该空间为新的商业目的地提供了环境,是南岸复兴区的第一步,将在未来20年扩大城市中心。该项目提供了一个机会,使自然进入城市中心,缺乏任何主要绿地和树木覆盖率是欧洲城市平均水平的25%。主权广场将成为通往未来城市公园的大门,这将帮助利兹转变成一个更健康、更具吸引力和生态多样化的地方。
re-form landscape architecture limited: Sovereign Square is the first major public space in Leeds City Centre for a generation. The space, which provides the setting for a new business destination, is the first step to the South Bank regeneration area which will expand the city centre over the next 20 years. The project presented an opportunity to bring nature into a city centre that lacks any major green spaces and has tree cover that is 25% of the European city average. Sovereign Square will become a gateway into a future City Park that will help transform Leeds into a healthier more attractive and ecologically diverse place.

公共空间已经与两栋新的办公楼并排交付使用,但简报指出,这将是城市居民和城市管理的地方。
The public space has been delivered alongside two new office buildings but the brief stated that this would be a place for the people of the city and managed by the city.

同样重要的是,主权广场为利兹成为“儿童友好城市”做出了贡献——市议会旨在使利兹成为儿童更吸引人、更好玩的地方。
It was also important that Sovereign Square contributed to Leeds becoming a ‘Child Friendly City’ – the city council’s programme for making Leeds a more inviting and playful place for children.

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主权广场是一个吸引许多人的豪华环境。50个新的成熟的树木已经种植在一个大的中心草坪周围。
Sovereign Square is a lush environment that attracts many people. 50 new mature trees have been planted around a large central lawn.

所选择的植物种类的混合将确保从早春到晚秋的长期开花物种,从而建立一个美丽的地方和城市野生动物急需的栖息地。
The mix of plant species selected will ensure there are flowering species for a long period, from early spring to late autumn, thus establishing a place that is beautiful and a much-needed habitat for wildlife in the city.

一个35米长的雨水花园管理着半个广场的地表水,有成片的不同植物物种,它们可以抵御毒素和石油化学物质,这些有毒物质和石油化学物质将被从小径和道路上冲走。雨花园还提供了一个更亲密的环境,让人们去新的座位已经放置在种植。
A 35m long rain garden manages surface water for half of the square, with swathes of different plant species that can withstand the toxins and petro-chemicals that will be washed from the paths and road. The rain garden also provides a more intimate environment for people to go where new seating has been placed within the planting.

座位是设计的一个基本部分,因为这是大多数人会选择花时间在一个空间。在夏天,人们可以坐在一起,或者在冬天的寒冷的日子里躲避风。有一些地方可以让人们躺下,其他人可以安静地在美丽的种植中工作。也有一些地方可以花时间和孩子在一起,或者等待朋友——不管你是年轻还是年老,身体强壮还是坐在轮椅上。这一系列的机会意味着人们在一年中占据这个空间,并且允许他们以不同的方式体验主权广场。
Seating is a fundamental part of the design, for this is how most people will choose to spend time in a space. There are places for people to sit as a group in the summer, or protected from the wind on a cold day in winter. There are places for groups to lay down and others to work quietly amongst beautiful planting. There are also places to spend time with your children or to wait for a friend – whether you are young or old, able bodied or in a wheelchair. This range of opportunities means that people occupy the space throughout the year, and allows them to experience Sovereign Square in different ways.

一个受欢迎的地方是在蝗虫(Gleditsia triacanthos)的树林下面。它的坚韧性和惊人的叶色,这个物种被选中的美丽斑驳的阴影,它提供。它在铺面上产生复杂的纹理,随风而动,并成为其本身的动画来源。重塑使整个主权广场有了一系列的经历,这些地方吸引人们花时间,提高感官,让人们与自然接触。
A popular place to sit is beneath the grove of Honey Locust (Gleditsia triacanthos). As well as its hardiness and amazing leaf colour, this species was selected for the beautiful dappled shade it provides. It creates a complex texture on the paving that moves with the wind and becomes a source of animation in itself. re-form has enabled a range of experiences throughout Sovereign Square, that are appealing places to spend time, heighten the senses and allow people to engage with nature.

水是遗址的遗产和这个项目的一个组成部分。一条山羊(水渠)曾经从附近的艾利河穿过工地,为整个18世纪里兹盛产的磨坊提供动力。
Water is an integral part of the site’s heritage and this project. A goit (water channel) once diverted through the site from the adjacent River Aire to power the mills that were abundant in Leeds throughout the 18th Century.

广场的概念是由一个似乎有裂缝和台阶的石头基座构成,灵感来自马勒姆湾艾利河源头。这个地方以石灰石路面而闻名,石灰石路面的特点是几千年来由水雕刻出的深裂缝。主权广场上的水从这些裂缝中冒出来,从表面下面冒出来,从细沟里流下来。喷泉不是用来作为舞蹈喷头的舞蹈表演,而是更自然和真实的东西。这为孩子们创造了一个令人兴奋的地方,也给其他人带来了令人难忘的背景。
The concept for the plaza, which is constructed of a seemingly cracked and stepped plinth of stone, was inspired by the source of the River Aire at Malham Cove. This is a place that is famous for limestone pavement which is characterised by the deep fissures carved out over thousands of years, by water. The water at Sovereign Square emerges from these cracks, bubbling up from beneath the surface and flowing down the rill. The fountains are not intended as a choreographed display of dancing jets, but something that is much more natural and authentic. This has created a place that is exciting for children but also a mesmerising back-drop for others.

小河从广场流向河流——一种重要的航行辅助设施,它将与高架桥下面的未来连接相连。可以看到人们沿着水边行走,水面被不平坦的表面搅动,沿着水面形成了有趣的图案和反射。孩子们玩“维尼棍”,把脚浸在浅水中,这比在喷泉里跑步更平静,更被动。水和它与动态种植的并置创造了空间,并以许多不同的方式吸引人们。
The rill runs from the plaza towards the river – an important navigational aid which will link with a future connection underneath the viaduct. People can be seen walking alongside the water, which is agitated by an uneven surface, creating interesting patterns and reflections along its length. Children play ‘pooh sticks’ and dip their feet in the shallow water which is a calmer, more passive alternative to running through the fountains. The water and its juxtaposition with dynamic plantings animates the space and engages people in lots of different ways.

主权广场正为利兹城市中心的公共生活质量做出积极贡献。人们选择在这里消磨时间,当剩余的开发地块完成时,数量无疑会增加。
Sovereign Square is making a positive contribution to the quality of public life in Leeds City Centre. People are choosing to spend time here and numbers will undoubtedly increase when the remaining development plots are complete.

项目名称:主权广场
Project name: Sovereign Square

地点:利兹,英国
Location: Leeds, United Kingdom

设计事务所:重组景观建筑有限公司
Design firm: re-form landscape architecture limited

设计年度:2012-2014
Design year: 2012-2014

完成:2016
Completed: 2016

面积:4502平方米
Area: 4,550m2

预算:250万英镑
Budget: £2.5m

街头家具:赫斯+布兰霍尔1840
Street furniture: Hess + Bramhall 1840

树木苗圃:Ebben
Tree nursery: Ebben

顾问:水特征专家-喷泉车间。艺术家- Mel Chantry
Consultants: Water feature specialist – Fountain Workshop. Artist – Mel Chantry

文本信用:重塑景观建筑有限公司
Text credit: re-form landscape architecture limited

图像信用:Simon Vine
Image credit: Simon Vine

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