Make Architects has completed work on its London Wall Place project, a new commercial scheme offering the largest set of public gardens developed in the City of London since the post-war brutalist Barbican estate on behalf of Brookfield Properties and Oxford Properties. The scheme comprises two office buildings surrounded by extensive public realm including a series of public gardens and reimagined elevated pedestrian walkways to link the neighbouring Barbican with the City of London.
The project’s concept lies in referencing the deep history of the site, from the Romans through to post-war modernism. The scheme’s geometry is aligned with the historical urban grain created by the section of the original Roman city wall on site and its materials reference those used to build the wall. Both the wall and the medieval St Alphage Church tower on site – hidden from public view since the 1960s – have been beautifully restored and made a central part of the public realm, while the elevated walkways of the 1960s have been reimagined and reinstated. The architecture is designed to be a backdrop to these landmarks, not competing but simply becoming the setting.
▼场地中央的罗马古城墙，The ancient Rome wall in the center of square
Sam Potter, lead architect at Make, said: “The beauty of this project lies in recognising it is simply the latest layer in the history of this site, the next trace to be remembered. We’ve designed state-of-the-art offices, but it’s the combination with the public realm that has attracted the occupiers, not just the commercial spaces themselves. It is about bringing in a social, human, tactile scale to the City, and the architecture is all the more successful for the spaces around it.”
▼新建建筑成为历史地标的背景，The architecture is designed to be a backdrop to these historical landmarks
Tim Wells, Development Director at Brookfield Properties said on behalf of the joint venture: “The scheme’s ability to connect modern business with historic London and offer new perspectives from the revitalised high level walkways sets it apart from any other development in London and further strengthens Brookfield Properties’ place-making credentials. At London Wall Place, we have developed world class office space in an exceptional and unique environment for the benefit of all the buildings occupiers, neighbours and visitors alike.”
▼建筑及其周边的花园。两者之间的紧密联系吸引了众多租用者，the combination between buildings and the public realm has attracted the occupiers
由于伦敦城墙广场的一半面积被用作公共区域，它也成为了城市的一个新的目的地。它同时也推动了减少周边车行道宽度，优先保证人行道和自行车道的计划。公共区域由Salters’ Hall花园、即将建成的St Alphage花园以及邻近的一系列袖珍花园组成，提供了超过1.5英亩的公共空间和横贯多层次平台的超过780平米的绿地。空中人行道包括四座横跨伦敦城墙、Wood Street、Fore Street和Fore Street Avenue的桥，总长350米，包括了一座新的空中花园。人行步道作为景观在立体空间上的延续，成为了人流的路径、城市喧嚣的避难所或是一个简单的吃午饭的去处。
With half of the site dedicated to public realm, London Wall Place has created a new destination for the City. It has also initiated plans to reduce the dominance of the London Wall dual carriageway, which was narrowed to prioritise pedestrian and cycle movement as part of the scheme. The public realm is formed of a series of pocket gardens for people to discover that, together with the adjacent Salters’ Hall Garden and soon-to-be-completed St Alphage Garden, delivers more than 1.5 acres of public space and over 780m2 of green walls across multiple terraced levels. The walkways, which include four bridges that cross London Wall, Wood Street, Wood Street and Fore Street Avenue, cover 350m and house a new raised garden. The varied levels are conceived as a continuous three-dimensional landscape, providing pedestrian connection, sanctuary from the City, or simply somewhere to lunch.
▼人行步道与空中花园，The walkways and the raised garden
▼人行步道成为景观在立体空间上的延续，The walkways are conceived as a continuous three-dimensional landscape
The two buildings enclose the new London Wall Place gardens. 1 London Wall Place delivers 310,000ft2 of new state-of-the-art office and trading facilities, and a series of nine roof terraces over 13 storeys. In 2013, 1 London Wall Place was entirely pre-let to Schroders marking a significant turning point in the commercial real estate market as the largest deal signed in London since the beginning of the global recession. 2 London Wall Place is a multi-tenanted 17-storey tower, with a retail and restaurant unit at Level 1 and a café at ground level. As of the end of May 2018 it was 73 per cent let with international law firm Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton taking the top four floors, for a total of 48,000ft2.
The concrete sections hide the services and elevators and have defined, sharp edges whereas the ceramic bands are curved and more fluid and clad the office floorplates. The vertical banding serves to minimise heat gain and draw in more sunlight to the occupied areas.
▼延伸到建筑一层的袖珍花园，pocket gardens extending to the first floor of the building
▼从袖珍花园看通往二层的楼梯，Looking the staircase from the pocket garden
The ‘Highwalk’ system is a reminder of the previous 1960s site. The walkway network now has a material palette of weathering steel and Iroko timber as a backdrop to the ever-changing gardens and green walls. Thousands of plants, including strawberries, lavender and ivy, are distributed to suit various microclimates within the site, from the sun-blessed Salters’ ‘cascade’ to the sheltered water garden and ‘amphitheatre’ around the St Alphage remains. These spaces will provide welcome respite for the 5,000 occupants of the new office buildings, retail customers, Barbican residents and future Crossrail commuters.
▼穿行于建筑间的空中步道，the walkways through buildings
▼步道选用了耐候钢和桑科树木料，The walkway network now has a material palette of weathering steel and Iroko timber
The building is BREEAM ‘Excellent’ and designed flexibly to accommodate numerous tenancies throughout its lifespan, while the intent for the public realm is that it endures – as the Roman wall and St Alphage Church tower have – for as long as possible, as part of the historical urban fabric. There is a passive approach to energy in use, with a 50/50 solid-to-glazed ratio in the building facades, which are all heavily insulated. The air handling is mixed mode to allow both buildings to be naturally ventilated if desired.The materials – GRC and ceramic – are designed to never need replacing and the weathering steel was chosen for the bridges so that minimal maintenance is required.
▼建筑南侧街景（白天），Street View on the southern side of the building (daytime)
▼建筑南侧街景（夜晚），Street View on the southern side of the building (night)
Site size: 2 acres / 75,000m2
Net size: 46,450m2
Client: Brookfield Properties and Oxford Properties
Key consultants: Structural Engineer (also Façade Engineer, Highways Engineer, Security Consultant, Acoustic Engineering): WSP
MEP Engineers (also Sustainability Consultants, Fire Engineering): HPF
Landscape Architects: SpaceHub
Specialist lighting: Studio Fractal
Project Management and cost consultant: Gardiner and Theobol
More: Make Architects
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