Roman Forum of Empúries

图库/公园广场/2018-6-26 18:10 652 0 收藏

Roman Forum of Empúries

Lola Dom .内奇:位于玫瑰湾南部的罗马帝国的EurPurle论坛,是Mediterranean最具历史文化遗产之一。这一考古修复已经恢复了古罗马城内最重要的空间之一。在罗马城市,论坛是最重要的社会活动举行的地方。它是城市政治、经济、宗教和司法活动的中心。该论坛是一个大型露天广场,周围是不同类型的建筑物,致力于不同的功能。该地区考古发掘约10000平方米,于1900开始,一直持续到2000年。一旦罗马论坛的发掘工作于2001完成,就决定重新装修考古遗址,使之适合博物馆参观。
Lola Domènech: The Roman Forum of Empuries, located to the south of Roses bay, is one of the most relevant historical and cultural heritage sites in the Mediterranean. This archeological restoration has recovered one of the most important spaces inside the ancient Roman city. In Roman cities the forum was where the most important social events were held. It was the centre of the city’s political, economic, religious and judicial activity. The Forum was a large open-air square that was surrounded by different types of buildings dedicated to different functions. Archeological excavations of this area, which covers around 10,000 m2, were commenced in 1900 and lasted until the year 2000. Once the excavations of the Roman Forum had been completed, in 2001, it was decided that it was necessary to refurbish the archeological site and make it suitable for museum visits.

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在开始论坛翻新工程之前,建筑师和考古学家团队进行了详尽的分析,以确定该网站的关键问题,之后他们制定了项目的指导方针。首先,我们意识到参观者无法清楚地分辨出论坛的不同区域、空间和建筑物。广场、步行步道、墓碑、隐秘地、大教堂、罗马教廷、宗教区和花园都是游客无法辨识的空间。参观者也无法识别主要道路,CARDO和德鲁马努斯。第二,由于安全原因,论坛内的一些区域被关闭,因为他们处于糟糕的状态,无法接近。
Before beginning the Forum refurbishment project the team of architects and archeologists carried out an exhaustive analysis in order to identify the site’s key problems after which they set down the guidelines for the project. To begin with, we realized that visitors couldn’t clearly distinguish the different areas, spaces and buildings that made up the Forum. The square, the ambulacrum, the tabernae, the cryptoportico, the basilica, the curia, the religious area and the garden were unrecognizable spaces for visitors. Visitors couldn’t identify the main roads, the cardo and the decumanus, either. Secondly, some of the areas inside the Forum were closed off to visitors for safety reasons, because they were in a bad state and inaccessible.

在这一点上,有一个严重的问题的可访问性和缺乏一个路线内的论坛。论坛内部的空间是无法进入的,甚至是危险的,因为之前考古发掘和由于土壤侵蚀而产生的不均匀水平。一旦问题被研究和确定,下一步就是制定项目的主要目标:第一个优先事项是保存和保存考古遗迹,第二个优先事项是使论坛的区域可访问、可理解和可理解。翻新博物馆参观论坛的项目需要考古学家和建筑师之间的密切合作,他们在完成这些目标之后,就确定了修复工作的具体策略。
On top of this, there was the serious problem of accessibility and the lack of a route inside the Forum. The space inside the Forum was inaccessible and even dangerous because of the uneven levels produced following previous archeological excavations and due to soil erosion from the rain. Once the problems were studied and identified the next step was to set down the project’s key objectives: The first priority was to conserve and preserve the archeological remains and the second priority was to make the area of the Forum accessible, visitable and comprehensible. The project of refurbishing the Forum for museum visits entailed close collaboration between the archeologists and architects, who after coming up with these objectives went on to define the specific strategies for the renovation work.

One of the first tasks was to demolish all the inaccurate reproductions (executed during previous archeological interventions) in order to preserve the value of the original ruins. The second task was to consolidate, restore and rebuild some of the most significant and relevant archeological structures according to the criteria set down by the team of archeologists from the MAC. Another key criterion was to recover the original floor levels and to suggest in a subtle way what the different archeological spaces that make up the Roman forum were like. The aim here was to show and highlight the emblematic features of the Roman Forum’s architecture by differentiating the (drained) paving surfaces in each particular space thus making it stand out from the others.

最后为访问者在网站上标出合适的路线。游客的新入口在战略上被放置在前道路,CARDOMIX(NOS)和DuuManguMax(EYW),从而突出笛卡尔阶。参观者现在能够清楚地理解构成广场的不同空间之间的关系(广场、步行步道、塔楼、库里亚、大殿、寺庙、花园和隐秘地形)。
And finally to mark out a suitable route for visitors inside the site. The new entrances for visitors were strategically placed on the former roads, the cardo maximus (N_S) and the decumanus maximus (E_W) thus highlighting the Cartesian order. Visitors are now able to clearly understand the relation between the different spaces that make up the Forum (the square, the ambulacrum, the tabernae, the curia, the basilica, the temple, the garden and the cryptoportico.

The project basically intended to recreate the atmosphere of order that prevailed in the Roman city. When carrying out the works special attention was paid to the materials, techniques and designed solutions, constantly looking for a balance in the dialogue between the original ruins and the new structures, steering clear of mimicry and false reproductions. The refurbishment of the Roman Forum was not only an archeological and architectural undertaking but a landscaping one as well. At all times this project was respectful with the value of history and the landscape.

洛拉多姆,建筑师
Lola Domènech, architect

前决赛选手-西博/选择-普利米斯FAD 2010 /决赛选手普利斯赫罗纳2010 /选择-第六届欧洲城市景观双年展
Pre-Finalist- XI BEAU / Selected- Premis Fad 2010 /Finalist premis girona 2010 / Selected- VI European Urban Landscape Biennial

Authors: Lola Domènech, architect in collaboration with the MAC archeologist team

面积:7.435M2
Area: 7.435m2

Location: Empúries, Girona

Drafting: 2000/2001/2007

Execution: 2008/2009

Project management: Lola Domènech, architect and the MAC archeologist team

结构:Ignasi Ribas
Structure: Ignasi Ribas

Building engineer: Josep Lluís Reventós

工程师:Julian Rios
Engineer: Julian Rios

开发公司:帕特里莫尼公司
Development company: departament de patrimoni – generalitat de catalunya

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