Uncertainty and flexibility lie at the heart of the design concept in Sharifi-ha House. The sensational, spatial qualities of the interiors, as well as the formal configuration of its exterior, directly respond to the displacement of turning boxes that lead the building volume to become open or closed, obtaining introverted or extroverted character. These changes may occur according to changing seasons or functional scenarios of floor plans.
▼可变的盒子，the rotating box
▼呼应传统伊朗住宅形式，reference to traditional Iranian houses
Like many other urban plots, the land for this project had a noticeably narrow façade-width compared with its length. Consequently, our expertise in transforming a two-dimensional façade to a three-dimensional one became indispensable. Here, the openness /closure of the building volume is a reference to traditional Iranian houses, which would dynamically serve as seasonal modes of habitation by offering both a Zemestan-Neshin (winter living room) and Taabestan-Neshin (summer living room) to their residents.In summertime, Sharifi-ha House offers an open /transparent /perforated volume with wide, large terraces. In contrast, during Tehran’s cold, snowy winters the volume closes itself, offering minimal openings in total absence of those wide summer terraces. In this project, the challenges to the concepts of open/closed typology (introverted/extroverted character) led to an exciting spatial transformation of an ever-changing residential building.
The House is distributed over seven floors: the two basement floors are allocated to family conviviality, fitness facilities, and wellness areas, while the ground floor hosts parking and housekeeping rooms. Public activities all happen on the first and second floors, and the family’s private life takes place on the third and fourth floors.
The project consisted of four major parts; the fixed volume of the structure, the void, and the fixed volume and the mobile volume, respectively. When the turning boxes are closed, the building captures sunlight throughout the space of the central void, which also connects the two fixed volumes by suspended bridges. The house adapts to the functional needs of its residents. For instance, depending on whether there is a guest or not, the guest room (located on the second floor) can be reconfigured for different purposes. Similarly, home office and breakfast room (turning rooms on the first and third floors) can change the formality of their appearance according to their residents’ desire. In other words, there is always the possibility of having different seasonal or lighting scenarios, some of which have been already considered in the BMS program of the project.
▼活动的盒子，the rotating box
The applied manufacturing technique for the turning mechanism was in fact a simple one; the same method which is currently employed in turning theatrical scenes, turning the floor of car exhibitions, steel companies and the shipping industry in Iran. But as our client himself was into importing CNC and other similar industrial German machines, he preferred the structural system to be fabricated in Germany. In doing so, he could engage his employees in the manufacturing process and thus train them for future maintenance purposes. Details of the handrails and air-penetration controlling methods were major issues considered in developing the design of the turning boxes. Designing foldable handrails and refining the edges of the boxes happened to be our feasible solutions.
From the initial design steps, we noticed that three pine trees outside could be incorporated into the spaces of the interior. Now, in the open mode of the house, the trees are pleasantly captured by the window frames. Stepping back for about three meters from the permitted construction boundary line allowed us to provide splendid daylight for the basement floors by inserting a glass fountain. The fitness and wellness areas are accommodated between this fountain and the basement pool where reflective installations reverberate the water’s radiance all over the space.
▼二层客厅，the living room on the first floor
▼三层起居室，the living room on the second floor
▼中央天井营造室内采光，the central skylight bringing in the natural light
▼四层家庭办公区位于可变的盒子内，home office is placed in the rotating box on the third floor
▼水池设于玻璃池塘采光口下方 ，swimming pool under the fountain
▼反射装置为室内营造粼粼波光，the reflective installations reverberate the water’s radiance all over the space
▼建筑退后三米形成地面采光口，stepping back for about three meters from the permitted construction boundary line and spare space for a glass fountain
Considering the specialties of this kind of architecture, the structural system was inevitably a customized one. After digitally modeling the structure, a series of SAP2000 analysis were undertaken to examine static/dynamic performance of the proposed system. Being partially moveable is the dominant feature of this structural assembly, which was contemplated throughout the fabrication process by the German manufacturer company. The main loads all rest on the beams of the living rooms. Due to the various configurations the turning boxes may take, the loading calculation has been estimated based on the largest possible loading value applied to the system. Additionally, in order to prevent structural deformation controlling the probable vibrations in the turning boxes was taken into account during the design/calculations of the structure.
▼地面层平面图，ground floor plan
▼二层平面（开放模式），first floor plan (open)
▼二层平面（闭合模式），first floor plan (close)
▼三层平面（开放模式）， second floor plan (open)
▼三层平面（闭合模式）， second floor plan (close)
▼四层平面（开放模式），third floor plan (open)
▼四层平面（闭合模式），third floor plan (close)
▼顶层平面，fourth floor plan
▼-1平面图，-1 floor plan
▼-2平面图，-2 floor plan
Location: No.3, Sharifi Dead-End, Saleh Hosseini St., Darrous, Tehran
Project Year: 2010-2013
Area: 1400 sqm
Clients: Mojgan Zare Nayeri, Farshad Sharifi Nikabadi
Designer: Alireza Taghaboni
Design Associates: Roohollah Rasouli, Farideh Aghamohammadi,
Detailing Design Associates: Bahoor Office (Hamid mohammadi, Amir Taleshi)
Senior Consultant in Detail: Shahnaz Goharbakhsh
Supervisions: Shahnaz Goharbakhsh, Alireza Taghaboni
Project Associates: Mojtaba Moradi, Negar Rahnamazadeh, Asal Karami, Majid Jahangiri, Masoud Saghi, Hossein Naghavi, Fatemeh S.Tabatabaeian, Iman Jalilvand
Construction: Imen Sazeh Fadak Consulting Eng
Landscape Consultant: Babak Mostofi Sadri, Omid Abbas Fardi
Structural Design: Sohrab Falahi
Mechanical Consultant: Hoofar Esmaeili
Electrical Consultant: Mohammad Torkamani
Revolving Rooms System: Bumat Company
Photographer: Parham Taghioff, Salar Motahari, Majid Jahangiri
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