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一年住宅,日本福岛 / Life Style Koubou

图库/居住环境/2018-6-8 23:09 504 0 收藏

该项目的场地位于磐梯山脚下,是建筑师为一个住在城市的家庭设计的住宅。

The site is located at the base of Bandai-san (mountain), we designed a second house for the family who living in the city.

▼住宅坐落在磐梯山脚下,the project is located at the base of Bandai-san mountain

该地区常遇大雪天气,因此建筑师利用架高的结构为建筑赋予了2米多的雪荷载,以保证房屋不受大雪的破坏。住宅拥有两个体量,分别容纳了起居功能和生活用水功能。这两个体量通过一座桥形成连接,使居住者能够在桥上充分享受自然环境带来的感官刺激。

This region is designated as special heavy snowfalls area, we used more than 2m-high snow load to design a stilt structural system to protect the house from snow. The house has two blocks; a living function and a life related watery function are separately accommodated in each block. These are connected by a bridge that makes people enjoy harshness and happiness in natural environment with their five senses.

▼住宅的两个体量通过一座桥形成连接,the two blocks are connected by a bridge

▼架高的结构能够保证房屋不受大雪的破坏,the stilt structural system is designed to protect the house from heavy snow

房屋之所以称作“一年住宅”,是因为它的建造过程花费了一整年的时间,其中包括伐树、锯木、搭建以及与自然融合等多个步骤。设计的核心在于使住宅与自然环境形成充分的对话。一般情况下,伐树的工作要在深冬季节完成,这样才能获得最优的材料性能。之后,这些木材要经过半年至三年的风化。目前普通住宅项目的建设周期平均为四个月,相比之下,本项目所花费的时间可以说十分长了。不过,在切割、加工、运输、装配以及在现场种树的过程中也发生了许多有意思的故事。

“One year project” as the name indicates “move with times” which means that it took entire one year to experience the whole process such as tree cutting, sawing, fabrication, and assembling together with nature. At its heart, a house building is expected to be succeeding each process through dialogue with nature. In general, the process of cutting tree is done in the depth of winter to draw the maximum material performance. And then lumbers are seasoned for half a year or three years at most. Average construction period is about four months for general housing project nowadays, compare to the recent work situation, the one year preparation period could be quite a long time. However, the length of time we spent in this project make many stories created by people involved in each process of cutting, sawing, processing, delivery, and assembling and planting trees at the site.

▼起居室,living room

▼建筑中使用的木材没有经过任何特殊处理,the lumbers used in the interior kept their original features

▼厨房,kitchen

房屋的建造使用了120棵年龄为80-90岁、直径约40厘米的大树,没有经过任何特殊处理,也没有刻意将木材切割至标准尺寸,这使得木材完全地保持了其原本的状态。与遵照认为规定的现代社会不同,“一年住宅”完全顺应了自然。通常情况下,人们不会完整地用光一整棵树,但本项目却以灵活的建造方式实现了这一点。

One hundred twenty trees with 80 to 90-year-old and approx. 40cm diameter, without any special treatment, keep the wooden original features, adjust lumber to original log size not to a standard, these diligent works make every expression of trees become alive. It usually functioning in accordance with defined regulations in modern society, we ponder that construction of the “One year project” should yield to nature. It would probably never have the chance to use up a tree until nothing left, however it makes possible by adapting the flexible method of yielding nature.

▼夜景,night view

我们相信,使用大自然赋予我们的树木,意味着要为它提供更优于以往的环境,使其成为森林循环的一部分。这是一个“借用”的概念,而非单纯地“接受”。在项目完成之后,我们必须在原地种回同样的植物,从而为下一代人储备充足的天然材料。

We believe whenever we use natural wealth trees, we have to circulate the forest and give them better environment more than before. This is an idea of “borrow” not “receive” the resources from natural environment. After the project completion, we have to return-as-we-used to plant the same kind of trees to prepare the necessary amount of natural material for next generations.

▼“一年住宅”对每棵树进行了完整的利用,One year project allows for the chance to use up a tree until nothing left

一棵树所经历的缓慢生长过程不只与时间有关,它还与我们有关,反之亦然。

A life in a tree slowly growing from a nursery is not captivated by the times, and it moves with the people and vice versa.

▼结构轴测图,axon diagram

▼平面图,plan

▼剖面图,sections

▼结构细部,construction detail

Design team

Life Style Koubou

Project manager / Kotaro Anzai

Engineer : Kenji Nawa/ Nawakenji-m

Construction : Life Style Koubou

Structure ·Construction method

Main structure : steel, with wood used partially

Foundation : Bandai stone

one-story house

Eaves height 4,978mm

Max. height 7,055mm

Site area 300.00m2

Building area 63.09m2

Building coverage ratio : 21.03% Allowance : 200%

Total floor area : 52.06m2

Floor area ratio 17.36% Allowance : 60%

More:Life Style Koubou.更多关于他们:Life Style Koubou on gooood

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